Hermeneutics - Lesson 2

Introduction to Hermeneutics

Through this lesson on hermeneutics, you will gain valuable insights into the principles and practices of biblical interpretation. Dr. Todd Miles emphasizes the need to understand the Scriptures correctly, highlighting the role of the Holy Spirit, contextual analysis, character introduction, structural examination, cross-referencing, imagination, and personal application. The lesson underscores the importance of humility, prayer for illumination, and a focus on Jesus in the interpretation process.

Todd Miles
Lesson 2
Watching Now
Introduction to Hermeneutics

I. Observations about the example

A. Introduce the author

B. Request illumination

C. Background of the passage

D. Perspective of the author

E. Key words

F. Context

G. John's doubts

H. Personal application

II. Definition of Hermeneutics

A. Etymology

B. Science and art

C. Foundation for doctrine

III. The Need for Special Revelation

A. Benefits

B. Separation between your mind and God's mind

C. Revelation is God’s self-disclosure

  • This lesson explores John the Baptist's role as the Messiah's forerunner, his imprisonment for condemning Herod's affair, and Jesus' response in Matthew 11, rooted in Old Testament prophecies. Jesus' omission of judgment references confuses John about the Messiah's timing. Believers in the New Covenant, with deeper insight into Jesus, are seen as greater. The lesson promotes patience during suffering and the duty to identify Jesus as the Messiah.
  • This lesson on hermeneutics teaches you to approach the Bible with humility, seek divine guidance, analyze context, consider character roles, examine structure, use cross-references, apply sanctified imagination, and emphasize Jesus in interpretation, all while relying on the Holy Spirit.
  • This lesson introduces general and special revelation, emphasizing their roles in inviting people to know God and providing specific truths for salvation. It explores the process of inspiration, defining it as a concurrent work of a holy God and a human author, ensuring every word of Scripture is both human and divine, crucial for biblical interpretation.
  • This lesson reveals the Bible's divine authority, unity, and human relevance, stressing accurate interpretation for life transformation.
  • Learn about hermeneutics, understanding author intent, and different views on interpretation. Dr. Todd Miles discusses realism vs. non-realism, authorial authority, and introduces speech act theory to show how the Bible engages with readers, transforming beliefs and behavior.
  • This lesson delves into theological text interpretation, emphasizing that meaning is human-made, not inherent. Authors, not readers, shape text meaning. Accurate Bible interpretation hinges on understanding God's authorship, emphasizing His lordship, knowledge, and obedience. Presuppositions about God and human nature are vital for accurate Bible interpretation.
  • From this lesson, you will gain insights into the challenges of translating the Bible, understanding the continuum of translation philosophies, and the importance of selecting a translation that balances accuracy and readability in contemporary language. Dr. Todd Miles underscores the significance of using the best available manuscripts, avoiding theological bias, and staying updated with the latest knowledge of language and culture to ensure a quality translation.
  • From this lesson, you will gain valuable knowledge and insight into hermeneutics and biblical interpretation. You will understand that hermeneutics is not about uncovering hidden secrets but about utilizing your natural ability to interpret communication. Reading and becoming familiar with the Bible is crucial for effective interpretation, and it is essential to address biblical illiteracy.
  • Learn the significance of interpreting Bible passages in the context of redemptive history. Discover the Bible's continuous narrative, emphasizing revelation's progression and God's plan through the David and Goliath story. See how context ensures accurate interpretation, connecting the Bible's parts into a cohesive story of God's redemption.
  • Understanding the Bible through biblical theology is crucial, as it reveals the overarching narrative of God's redemptive plan, centered on His glory and the role of Jesus Christ, enabling a more profound comprehension of individual Bible passages and their relevance to our lives.
  • Dr. Todd Miles underscores the vital role of historical and cultural context in interpreting the Bible. Understanding the era when a passage was penned is crucial for grasping its genuine significance. Using examples like the virgins' parable and Revelation 3:14-22, it demonstrates how historical context aids in discerning interpretations and adds depth to the message. The text emphasizes that, while the Bible offers some historical context, external sources can also enhance comprehension. In conclusion, historical and cultural context is essential for accurate biblical interpretation.
  • In this lesson on Hermeneutics by Dr. Todd Miles, the focus is on understanding the cultural context when interpreting biblical texts. Dr. Miles emphasizes that culture plays a significant role in both the biblical author's writing and the reader's interpretation. He discusses the concept of cultural conditioning, highlighting that everyone, including the biblical authors, the original audience, and modern readers, is influenced by their respective cultures.
  • In this lesson, Dr. Miles highlights the significance of studying words in their original language and using etymology to decipher their original meanings.
  • Learn how recognizing and applying literary genres in the Bible is crucial for accurate interpretation, avoiding misinterpretations, and approaching Scripture with a nuanced understanding.
  • In this lesson, you will gain an understanding of interpreting biblical narratives. It begins by discussing the distinction between historical narratives and parables, emphasizing the importance of recognizing the markers of historical narrative.
  • In this lesson, Dr. Miles review biblical narrative interpretation. He emphasizes the importance of context, adding that each narrative should be examined within the broader biblical and book context. He illustrates this with Mark Chapter 5, where Jesus interacts with demons, breaking from the norm to underscore his authority.
  • From this lesson on Hermeneutics and Law, you will gain insight into the intricate relationship between the Old Testament law and New Covenant believers. Dr. Todd Miles emphasizes the challenge of applying ancient laws to contemporary life and introduces the key factors for understanding them: comprehending the nature of covenants and situating oneself in the timeline of redemptive history. This process is likened to using a mall map to find a destination.
  • Dr. Todd Miles discusses prophecy's significance beyond predicting the future. It validates God's deity, reveals future realities, and guides our present actions. Most prophecy is about forth-telling and emphasizes covenant understanding.
  • In this Hermeneutics lesson, you'll gain insights into the challenges of interpreting prophecy, including wrong expectations, historical context, conditional fulfillment, and various forms of prophetic proclamations, while also being reminded not to let contemporary agendas override the biblical text.
  • In taking this lesson, you gain insight into the concept of typology in biblical interpretation. Typology involves finding resemblances between Old Testament figures, events, and institutions and their fulfillment in the New Testament, particularly in relation to Jesus Christ.
  • Learn about poetry in the Bible by exploring Hebrew poetic parallelism and its emotional power in Psalms. Discover how poetry enhances biblical narratives and offers unique insights.
  • In this lesson, Dr. Todd Miles discusses various types of psalms found in the Psalter and delves into their unique characteristics and theological significance. He begins by providing a list of different kinds of psalms, emphasizing that this list is not exhaustive but illustrative, highlighting the diversity of poetry within the Psalms.
  • By studying this lesson, you gain insight into essential figures of speech in the Bible and learn to interpret them effectively, enhancing your hermeneutical skills and deepening your understanding of the Scriptures.
  • In this lesson, Dr. Todd Miles discusses the interpretation of parables. Parables are a specific literary genre with their own rules of interpretation. Parables are designed to teach a single point, although there might be exceptions. Historical context remains essential in understanding parables, as they are shaped by the situations of the day. 
  • This lesson explores Proverbs and wisdom literature, focusing on its distinct genre, interpretation rules. Dr. Miles highlights its purpose, living wisely with God. It emphasizes the fear of the Lord, touches Ecclesiastes' question of meaning, and Job's theodicy.
  • In this lesson on interpreting epistles, Dr. Todd Miles underscores the importance of understanding their structure, argumentative methods, and central theological focus on Jesus Christ and the gospel, even when addressing practical issues within the early Christian communities.
  • Dr. Todd Miles delves into apocalyptic literature, emphasizing its distinct features like revelatory communication and angelic guidance. It unveils profound truths through visions, promoting understanding and righteous conduct.
  • In this lesson, Dr. Todd Miles explores the concept of perspicuity, which refers to the clarity of the Bible. He begins by explaining that perspicuity is a theological term used to describe how clear the Bible's teachings are. It means that the Bible is written in a way that its teachings can be understood by anyone who reads it, seeks God's help, and is willing to follow it.
  • This lesson provides practical guidelines for applying biblical principles. Dr. Miles emphasizes the role of the Holy Spirit, examining the original context, and identifying parallel situations in the present. He encourages applications to be personal, specific, measurable, and time-bound, ensuring they lead to tangible actions in your life.
  • In this lesson, you'll grasp the Holy Spirit's vital role in biblical interpretation, going beyond changing hearts to enabling comprehension and acceptance of the text. Dr. Todd Miles stresses the Spirit's role in illuminating the Bible, making it relevant to believers, challenging the idea that unbelievers interpret it as effectively, and emphasizing the importance of understanding the text's intent. The ultimate aim is not mastery but being mastered by the text, with the Holy Spirit as a key player.
Hermeneutics is the science and art of the interpretation of the Bible. It's a science because it is an orderly process based on rules you can apply. It is an art because of the nuances in communication and translation.



Dr. Todd Miles


Introduction to Hermeneutics

Lesson Transcript


All right. Again, I want to caution you, this is not anything that I would normally ask a person to do whenever they listen to a sermon, sit around and think about what the pastor did hermeneutically or what the preacher did. But I do think that it is the case that that we can testify to what our hermeneutic or our rules of biblical interpretation are, what our convictions are. We can testify to what they are. But the proof is actually in the pudding that our convictions about hermeneutics are our ideas about how to interpret the scripture. Those are going to come out very clearly every time we teach or read the scriptures. So what? What did I do? I've been teaching this class for a number of years. I usually do this same devotional. And so here are some of the different observations that people have made about about what I did. The first thing I did was that I did introduce the author, Matthew, as being inspired by the Holy Spirit. And so as I read the text, there was, as Matthew writes, my inspiration of the Holy Spirit, that was I was basically alerting both myself and anyone who was listening that we're about to hear from God here as we read these words. I also prayed. I requested illumination. I wanted God to open his word up to us and also open us up to his word. It was maybe subtly communicating even a bit of humility that we really can't do this on our own, that we're dependent upon the Lord to illuminate his word and to make a change in us. I expressed a bit of curiosity about the text. I asked some critical questions, or we might call those interpretive questions. These are these are questions that we need to ask and then answer if we're going to understand this text rightly. And then I framed at least the beginning of of the devotion by by answering those questions. I went back to the Old Testament to establish the ground or the foundation for for what I was doing here. I looked at the prophecies that pointed to John. I established a time frame as well as I did that we looked back into the past prior to the coming of Jesus. And then I read earlier in the Gospel of Matthew, before Jesus was actually on the scene, John was doing this task. We introduced some some of the characters, John John's disciples, Jesus, Jesus's disciples, that asking, who are the characters in this narrative? But I spent a lot of time looking at how Matthew had structured his gospel. Something that you'll hear from me over and over again in this course. So the biblical authors are really good writers. They are. They're exceptionally good writers, and they give us the context that is necessary to understand what they have written. And so in order to figure out what was going on in Matthew 11, of course, we went back to the Old Testament. That's a very broad context. But but the most important context would be what Matthew has given us himself. And he has identified who John is already in the earlier chapters. I tried to repeat it to repeat some some critical words that are found throughout the biblical text. We we thought about the Messiah and his coming a lot of cross-references. You might have noticed we were going all over the place in our Bibles. We were we emphasize, Matthew in context. He's the after all, the author of the book. But but we went to some other gospels as well to to compare and to maybe to get some more information about about who John was, who who Jesus was. We asked how this narrative actually fits into the big picture story, both from Matthew three, but then also from Matthew 11. Our text, the one that we were focusing on and we did spend a bit of time in, in the Old Testament. I, I suggested to you that John was was doubting. I bet he wasn't sure. He didn't understand why he was in prison. And now now some people will look at that text and I've read this in commentaries where they will say, Oh, John never doubted he was just passing off his disciples. John was the forerunner, after all. He wouldn't have been doubting. But I think that turns John into someone who's not really human. Um, he had to be a bit disappointed in how things were going. And also the disciples went to Jesus, and then they went back to John. They left. They weren't there to hear what Jesus had to say about about John and about the greatest in the kingdom, in the least in the kingdom. And so I suggested that maybe John was doubting and and that that that's not clearly articulated in the text. But but I think that it's good in Bible study to ask questions and maybe use a bit of of a tethered imagination, a sanctified imagination. I also tried to do some some personal application as well to do the Bible reading. I tried I tried to do in the text what the author was, was doing. And then I did focus on on Jesus in the Gospel. We we spend a lot of time looking at narrative. We spent some time looking at prophecy as well. A couple of different literary genres. Now, in all of that, in all of that, everything that I did in this text and more we're going to do in this class, we're going to look at the different levels of context, the different kinds of contexts, both literary and historical cultural thinking about the importance of that. We'll focus on individual words, we'll focus on sentences and paragraphs. We'll look at different literary genres to think how best to understand the Bible. And we're going to do that with a heavy dependence upon the Spirit of God, recognizing the Bible for what it is. The word of God written by humans. And everything that we do in this class is going to flow from our understanding of what the Scriptures actually are. Let's let's begin by thinking about what hermeneutics actually is. What is it? Why would we use such a ridiculous word to describe the interpretation of the Bible? Well, this ridiculous word is actually found in the Bible, or at least the Greek translation of the Old Testament. It comes from the Greek word. The word hermeneutics comes from the Greek word hermeneutical, which means to interpret or to explain or to translate. If you care about such things, it's also the root word for Hermes, who was the messenger to the gods in Greek mythology. Now, I'm not suggesting that Greek mythology is important to biblical hermeneutics, but but for those of you who care about such things, it is interesting that that this messenger from the gods has this name that's rooted in this word for explaining or translating or interpreting. Now we do find this word in the Greek translation of the Old Testament in Nehemiah Chapter eight, verses seven and eight. You might recall from the Book of Nehemiah that the people of of Israel, the people of God, are back from exile. They're back in the promised land, returning from Babylon and Persia. But they have lost they've lost the law. They've lost facility with Hebrew, apparently. And when the law is read to them as they gather in Jerusalem, we're told that a number of people were necessary to help them understand it. And so picking up in Nehemiah Chapter eight verses seven eight, and I'm not going to read Chapter seven, but it's a bunch of names of people who were Levites. The last part of verse seven explained the law to the people as they stood in their places. They read out of the Book of the Law of God, translating and giving the meaning so that the people could understand what was read. So that's what hermeneutics is. It's about giving the meaning so that people can understand. Now, hermeneutics is the word that we use for the science and art of biblical interpretation. So so what is hermeneutics, the science and art of biblical interpretation? We might ask, is science and art Is it? Is it both? How can it be both? Well, why is it a science? Well, because, as we'll see here, there are rules that can be classified in an orderly system, and it takes skill to apply those rules. But but. But we can actually have an argument about what a text means. And we'll use our hermeneutics to try to persuade one another that what we are saying is true to what the biblical author meant. So it's a science in that sense, but it's also an art. It's an art because it's not an exact science. As you know, we can have Christians of goodwill disagreeing about the meaning of a text, no matter how persuasive or how right I might think I am, I might not be able to persuade you that that my interpretation is to be preferred over your interpretation. It's it's not an exact science. It's a contested science. And it takes practice. It takes practice. Kind of like being a doctor. Medicine is a science, but but it's also an art. It takes a deft touch. Now, hermeneutics then is going to be the foundation on which the superstructure of doctrine is built. A lot of times we turn to our experiences to to establish what's right and wrong. But that's not the way we should go. We need to rely upon God's word and then interpret our experiences in light of that. We have to try to understand what God's Word means. Try to understand what God means by what He says. Second Timothy Chapter two verse 15 is a very popular verse for for those of you who are familiar with it. One is that this is the Children's Ministry. This is the Awana verse. It comes from the name comes from Paul writes to Timothy. Be diligent to present yourself to God as one approved a worker who doesn't need to be ashamed. So Awana is a worker approved, not ashamed. That's where the term comes from. But the passage then says, Present yourself to God as one approved a worker who doesn't need to be ashamed correctly teaching the word of truth. Okay, that's that's good advice. We should correctly teach the word of truth, but that implies something that's a little frightening if we have to be told to correctly teach the word of truth. Then an implication is that we can incorrectly teach the word of truth. And I don't know how many people would raise their hand that they want to do that. How many of you here want to incorrectly interpret the Bible and then teach it poorly? That's a frightening it's a frightening prospect because if God has spoken, we would do well to understand God's word correctly, particularly if everything that this book purports to be true is indeed true. If God has spoken in His Word, we want to know what He means by what He says. That's going to raise a question how do we rightly handle scripture? And that's what this entire course is designed to do. I want to ask you, what are the benefits to studying the word of God? Before we dig into actually how to interpret the scripture. Let's think about why it would be important to get what God said right. And so I have a series of verses that what I'd like you to do is to pause, read the passages, and then think about what are the benefits of studying and understanding God's Word correctly. The second Timothy Chapter three Verses 16 through 17. Joshua Chapter one, Verse eight. Psalm one one through three. Jeremiah 15:16, Luke four one through four, First Corinthians two nine through 11. Read those passages, jot down a few observations about why it's important to read and understand the Bible. Well, hopefully that was a fruitful time for you to just think for a while about why it's so important to understand the Bible correctly. I'm not going to walk through every single one of these passages. We're going to look at 2 Timothy Chapter three, verses 16 and 17 in detail here in a moment. But but what's clear from this passage is that is that all of the Bible is inspired by God. We'll look at what that means here in a moment. And and it's and because of what it is, it is therefore profitable for teaching, for rebuking, for correcting, for training and righteousness with the goal. So that the purpose, the purpose of being that the man of God may be complete equipped for every good work. So we want to understand what God means by what He says, because the Bible is the Word of God and it's useful for all of these ministry things so that those involved in ministry may be complete equipped. Joshua Chapter one, Verse eight. Where Joshua was instructed, Don't let this book of instruction depart from your mouth. Meditate on it day and night that the Hebrew word for meditation is hunger, and it literally means to mutter over. I don't know if you've ever read something in your mind is working so hard as you're trying to figure out what what the author is, is meaning by what he's writing that you find your reading out loud as you read the passage. Well, that's kind of what biblical meditation is. I know in like Eastern mysticism, the meditation is maybe the emphasis is on emptying your mind. I don't know. Think about the sound of one hand clapping or something like that. But that is not what biblical meditation is. Biblical meditation, far from emptying your mind, is filling your mind with the Word of God and wrestling with it. Wrestling with it so much that you can that your lips begin to move as you talk out loud to yourself. I had one teacher who who told me that biblical meditation is like having a lemon drop in your mouth that you are just working over. You're trying to get every ounce of flavor out of it as you move that lemon drop around in your mouth, trying to suck out every ounce of flavor that you can. And we're told that as you do that or Joshua was told that you want to do that because you want to be careful to obey it. And if you obey it, then you'll be prosperous. Then you'll be successful. Now, we would point out that Joshua one eight is with this this verse was given to Joshua specifically and might not necessarily be addressed to me. But when we go to Psalm chapter one verses one through three, we get something that is addressed to just generally the people of God. And it the same ideas are there. How happy is the one who doesn't walk in the advice of the wicked or stand in the pathway with sinners instead is delights in the Lord's instruction and he meditates on it day and night. He's like a tree planet beside flowing streams that bears its fruit in its season. Its leaf doesn't quiver with or whatever he does prospers. And so so here the same idea, except now in poetic language, instead of just being told you will prosper, you will succeed. It's it's poetically likened to a tree that bears fruit and whose leaf survives that never withers. And then then you get the statement. Whatever he does prospers. And so this instruction to meditate on the word of God, it's not particular to just Joshua, like Joshua one eight perhaps could be interpreted. But in Psalm, it's it's it's for anyone who who who wants to delight in the Lord's instruction, who wants to be wise, who wants to be happy. We could go on through a number of these. I'd point out for Luke Chapter four. This is the story of Jesus being tempted by the devil. And though Jesus had many things going for Him, it is instructive that He responds to the devil by quoting the Word of God. Now, he had been praying and he'd been fasting. He was full of the Holy Spirit. So he's got other things at his disposal as well. But but, but it's obvious that Jesus, in dealing with temptation when he addresses Satan, he quotes Scripture at him and in in context. And we would find out that the Scripture that Jesus quoted ad Satan was was applied perfectly. He Jesus is in the wilderness. And so He goes back to the wilderness wanderings and quotes from the books of Moses that were given to the Israelites while they were in the wilderness. And so it was it was contextually it was a perfect choice by Jesus. Jesus is learning the lessons in his wilderness, temptation that the children of Israel 1400 years earlier had had not mastered. But Jesus was obeying, and he was. He knew what was the right thing to do. 1 Corinthians Chapter two, verses nine through 11. What? No. As it is written. What? No. I have seen no ear has heard. No human heart has conceived. God has prepared these things for those who love him. Now God has revealed these things to us by the Spirit. Since the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God for who knows a person's thoughts except his spirit within him. In the same way, no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. Why is Bible study important? Because the the Word of God was revealed to the prophets and the apostles by the Spirit of God, who knows the very thoughts of God. So it is important that we understand what God has given to us. We'll come back to this passage in a moment as well. I would point out here, though, before we get into exactly what the scriptures are, that that we desperately need revelation from God. You see, there is a there's a big separation between our mind and the mind of God. The mind of Todd, if you will, and the mind of God. The Scriptures instruct us. We're not neutral when it comes to God. There is really no such thing as neutrality toward God. No one is wearing that white lab coat, evaluating the evidence coldly without bias. No one's doing that. The Bible describes unrepentant sinners as enemies of God. Ephesians Chapter two says that we are, by nature, objects of God's wrath. Furthermore, God has has revealed certain things to us about himself. When the children of Israel were in the wilderness, wandering around with Moses leading them, Moses told them as he recited to them the law for the second time, this revelation from God as to what they were supposed to do, how they were to behave, how they were to believe, how they were to worship. He told them in Deuteronomy 29:29 that the hidden things belong to the Lord, our God, but the revealed things belong to us and our children forever, so that we may follow all the words of this law. You see, there is a separation between who God is. The mind of God and who we are, our minds. And that separation cannot be overcome by us. We don't sneak up on God. We are entirely dependent upon God to reveal things to us. This gap, though, is overcome by God's revelation. Deuteronomy, the passage we just read said that there are hidden things, which of course there are. It's the mind of God. But God has revealed some things to us and they belong to us and God has revealed them to us so that we might follow Him. So revelation. Revelation is not a matter of of human discovery, but it is God's self-disclosure. God is sovereign over all information about himself. Again, we don't sneak up on him from behind and and and find out something. You know, God never regrets. Oh, boy. You know, Todd was so clever. I wish he wouldn't have figured that out about me. Now, that's never the case. God is absolutely sovereign over knowledge of himself, and, quite frankly, knowledge of us as well. And the Scriptures are very clear that God doesn't owe Revelation to anyone. He doesn't. If if we were if we would have continued reading in Matthew Chapter 11 after the John the Baptist narrative, we would have seen Jesus criticizing people in Capernaum and Corizine and Bethsaida that the so-called Evangelical Triangle, the place where most of Jesus's first advent ministry took place. And and he criticized them by saying this If the miracles I performed would have been done in Sodom, they would have repented. Jesus. Jesus tells them. All the stuff I'm doing for you and you're not repenting. If that would have been done in Sodom, they would have repented that that the worst place that in human history, Sodom and Gomorrah, the place that we associate with vileness and depravity and lack of repentance, that God judged definitely and persuasively and completely. And Jesus says even they would have repented. So it's a scathing rebuke. But what's interesting is, is the implication of this is that, of course, the miracles that Jesus did in Capernaum and Bethsaida and causing they weren't done in Sodom, Sodom didn't see Jesus do these things. And so they didn't repent and they were judged. Apparently God doesn't owe to Sodom. The miracles that Jesus did for Capernaum, by which, at least according to Jesus, they would have repented. God doesn't owe revelation to anyone. There's there's no sense in which Sodom will be able to raise its hand on the day of judgment. Hey, hey, hey, wait a second. Jesus said we would have repented. If we would have gotten a little more revelation. That may be true, but God didn't give them that revelation and they were judged. It's sobering. God doesn't owe us revelation. He generously gives it. First Corinthians chapter two, verse eight, we read the same thing. If the rulers had understand, if they'd understood that Jesus was the Lord of Glory, they would not have crucified Him. But of course they didn't understand that God had not revealed that to them, and so they crucified Christ and were culpable for that heinous crime. So what does that make us think? If you're the recipient of revelation, we should just bow before this great God who has given to us what He didn't have to. God could have ignored us all and held us accountable for our sin. We should marvel that he grants us revelation. It is a wondrous, wondrous doctrine.


Speaker 2 So maybe you'll get into more detail about this later. But you mentioned, especially in 1 Corinthians two 9 to 11, how. Scripture was written by people communicating the thoughts of God. So. With hermeneutics. We can have we can get a lot of information about how we can best understand what the meaning of the authors was by looking at it in different ways or from different perspectives or different sources of information. But then also. Relying on the spirit to help us really understand what God is communicating to us. So how do you do that in a practical way? By using the things that we can know, and then by relying on this on the spirit to really help us understand that?


Speaker 1 Yeah, let me answer that in two ways. The first way to say we'll talk about that more in depth later. I am going to talk about the role of the Holy Spirit in interpretation specifically. But just to answer your question now, to to recognize that that there is one divine author, and that is the spirit of God who is responsible for everything that's in the Scriptures, as well as many human authors. And so we go to God and we ask that He would illuminate the text for us. Now we'll talk more about what illumination is. But I think it has a lot to do with understanding, and it has a lot to do with with applying what it is. And and then because the spirit worked through human authors, we're going to use a lot of the tools that we'll talk about them in this class. But but, but tools that I'll argue are pretty intuitively obvious because because everybody communicates with one another. And we've picked up a lot of valuable hermeneutical lessons as we've advanced in our years. And so I don't think that hermeneutics is terribly mysterious. I think it's actually pretty intuitive. I often joke at the first day of class in hermeneutics, I tell him, I'm really not going to teach you anything in here. But but thanks for paying tuition for for this. And what I want to do is make you aware of what you are doing in the Bible and make you so that you can be intentional with what you do. Because it seems to me that most of the major Bible study errors that are made, most interpretive errors are are when we treat the Bible as something other than what it is. And we violate all of the rules, the rules that we know about communication, we violate them and do with the word of God. What we would never do with one another. Take things out of context, not pay attention to to what was said before or after or the or the setting. Not not pay attention to figures of speech, take things more literally than what was certainly implied, not taking things as literally as what was certainly implied. All of these things that we would never do. With one another, or we would be rebuked for doing that with one another. But we feel the freedom to do that with God's Word, and I'm not sure why.