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The Person and Work of Christ

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Lesson

Delegates at the Council of Chalcedon tried to explain the hypostatic union of Christ's natures. The theological bases for the work of Christ on the cross focus on the sin of humanity and God's holiness and mercy. The atonement is God's self-satisfaction through self-substitution

Outline

The Person of Christ (Conclusion)

The Work of Christ Part 1

G. The Hypostatic Union (Counsel of Chalcedon)

1. Apollinarianism rejected by the Church

a. Inadequate view of Jesus’ humanity

b. Inadequate view of the atonement

2. Nestorianism rejected by the Church

a. Two persons, one human and one divine

b. Two persons suggests two wills, two desires etc.

3. Decision at Chalcedon A.D. 451

a. Two natures in one person

b. Two natures conjoined but not confused

II. The Work of Christ

A. Past Work of Christ, the atoning Savior: the atonement

1. The theological basis for the cross

a. Three necessary theological factors

     1. Sin brings condemnation

     2. God’s holiness, cannot violate his just nature

     3. God’s mercy and kindness given to the helpless

b. The necessity of maintaining both God’s holiness and his mercy

     1. God’s holiness is an absolute necessity

     2. Contingent necessity of God’s mercy (God did not have to do it)

c. The cross is the full expression of God’s holiness and mercy

     1. Holiness is vindicated: the cross satisfies the demands of His holiness

     2. Mercy is expressed: satisfies the demand of his holiness by self-substitution