SCALE. 1. Only fish having fins and scales were permitted as food for the Hebrews (Lev.11.9-Lev.11.12).
2. The Greek word lepis means “rind, husk, flake,” and is used to describe Saul’s recovery from temporary blindness—“something like scales fell from Saul’s eyes, and he could see again” (Acts.9.18). See also Diseases.
3. Scales as an instrument for weighing are referred to in Isa.40.12 and Prov.16.11 (balance, kjv). A simple balance is here meant. The weights used in these scales were obviously handmade and never uniform, hence the constant temptation to use “differing weights and dishonest scales” (Prov.20.23).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
See Siege 4, (e); WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.