Samuel Augustus Barnett

1844-1913. Anglican social reformer. After reading law and modern history at Oxford, he was ordained in 1867. In 1869 he founded the Charity Organization Society, and from 1872 to 1893 was vicar of St. Jude's, Whitechapel, where his unusual methods aroused criticism-evening schools, entertainments, Oxford dons to lecture parishioners, etc. He aimed at improving the East End cultural level, encouraging Christians to study social problems, and promoting Christian social action. In 1884 he helped form the Education Reform League; in 1885 he promoted the Artisans' Dwellings Act; and from 1884 to 1896 he was the first warden of Toynbee Hall. Barnett House at Oxford was founded in his memory, for the study of social problems.