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PRESS (for oil or wine). A rendering of several Hebrew and Greek words that refer to a device used for extracting liquids from certain fruits from which wines and oils were made. Some of these were small handmills while others were made of two large stones. One turned on the other by horses or mules so that the fruit was crushed between them.

PRESS (גַּת, H1780, יֶ֫קֶב, H3676). A word used in the KJV for “winepress” in Proverbs 3:10 (ASV, RSV VATS); Isaiah 16:10 (where ASV and RSV also have press); Joel 3:13 (ASV, RSV WINEPRESS); and Haggai 2:16. A winepress was a vat in which grapes were trodden to extract juice for making wine.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

pres: As a verb is used in the Revised Version (British and American) as a translation of no less than 13 Greek and Hebrew words (rather more in the King James Version). All the Revised Version (British and American) uses are modern. In the King James Version may be noted The Wisdom of Solomon 17:11, "pressed with conscience" (the Revised Version (British and American) "pressed hard by"); 2 Macc 14:9, "pressed on every side" (the Revised Version (British and American) "surrounded by foes"); Ac 18:5, "pressed in the spirit" (the Revised Version (British and American) "constrained by"). As a noun, the King James Version uses "press" in Mr 2:4 for ochlos, "crowd" (so the Revised Version (British and American)). For wine press see Vine; Wine.

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