Juan De Lugo

1583-1660. A founder of modern Scholasticism. Born in Madrid, he studied law at Salamanca until he entered the Jesuits in 1603. After teaching philosophy at Medina del Campo (1611) and theology at Valladolid (1616), he was called to Rome in 1621, where he further enhanced his reputation by important dogmatic and moral works, in addition to becoming a cardinal in 1643. A profound and independent thinker, he was inclined to over-subtlety, but was an important influence on Alphonsus Liguori,* and combined dogmatic and moral theology more satisfactorily than many of his contemporaries.