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1697-1771. Baptist minister and biblical scholar. Born in Northamptonshire and educated at Kettering grammar school, he was ordained in 1718, and in 1719 entered upon a pastorate at Horsleydown, Southwark, that was to last over fifty years. A Wednesday evening lectureship was founded for him in Great Eastcheap by his admirers in 1729, and this he held until 1756. A profound scholar and voluminous writer, his works include The Doctrine of the Trinity Stated and Vindicated (1731); An Exposition of the (3 vols., 1746-48) which with his Exposition of the (6 vols. 1748-63) forms his major work; A Dissertation on the Antiquity of the Hebrew Language (1767); A Body of Doctrinal Divinity (1767); and A Body of Practical Divinity (1770). A hyper-Calvinist, he was so zealous to maintain the sovereignty of God that he denied that preachers had the right “to offer Christ” to unregenerate sinners.