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JATTIR (jă'têr). A large town in the hills of Judah (Josh.15.20, Josh.15.48), given to the Levites (1Chr.6.57). It was an important center (1Sam.30.27). Modern Khirbet Attir is evidently its location.

JATTIR jăt’ ər (יַתִּ֖יר). A Levitical city in the hill country of Judah (Josh 15:48; 21:14; 1 Chron 6:57). David sent spoil from Ziklag to it after his victory over the Amalekites (1 Sam 30:27). Its site is Khirbet ’Attir, c. thirteen m. SW of Hebron.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A town in the hill country of Judah, mentioned in conjunction with Shamir and Socoh (Jos 15:48); one of the cities given to the "children of Aaron the priest" (Jos 21:14; 1Ch 6:57). David after his victory over the Amalekites sent a present of the spoil from Ziklag "to them that were in Jattir" (1Sa 30:27).

It is now Khirbet `Attir, an important ruin, in the extreme South of the hill country, 5 miles Southeast of edh Dhariyeh and 20 miles Southeast of Belt Jibrin. This must Correspond to the "very large village Jethira" which is mentioned in Eusebius, Onomasticon (119 27; 133 3; 134 24, etc.) as 20 miles Southeast of Eleutheropolis (i.e. Beit Jibrin). The site is full of caves. See PEF, III, 408, Sh XXV.