Gallican Psalter

At different times Jerome made three versions of the Psalter, known respectively as the Roman, the Gallican, and the Hebrew. The first, produced about 383 at the request of Pope Damasus, was a revision of the Old Latin version, in which Jerome made use of the Septuagint. This version remained in use in the Roman Church until the time of Pius V (1566-72). Outside of Italy, however, the Roman Psalter was superseded by the Gallican, a version which Jerome made in Bethlehem about 389, using the Septuagint, Theodotion's Greek version, and the Hebrew, by means of Origen's Hexapla. This version was taken to Gaul by Gregory of Tours. Later it was removed to England, where it gradually replaced the Old Latin version and ultimately became the basis for the Prayer Book version of the Psalms.