Eliashib, Eliasib

ELIASHIB, ELIASIB ĭ lī’ ə shĭb (אֶלְיָשִׁיב׃֙, LXX ̓Ελιάσιβος, or ̓Ελιασούβ, meaning God restores). Six men are listed by this name in the OT. 1. A priest chosen by David to head the eleventh of the twenty-four courses of priests who took turns serving in the sanctuary (1 Chron 24:12).

2. A high priest who gained the displeasure of Nehemiah because he made a temple storage area into special living quarters for a certain Tobiah, while Nehemiah was in the Pers. capital. Nehemiah, on his return, abolished this favoritism (Ezra 10:6; Neh 3:1, 20, 21; 13:4-9; 1 Esd 9:1).

3. A singer among the Levites during the time of Ezra (Ezra 10:24; 1 Esd 9:24). He pledged to put away his foreign wife and children when commanded to do so.

4. A son of Zattu and a layman of Ezra’s time who made the same pledge to put away his foreign wife and children (Ezra 10:27; 1 Esd 9:28).

5. A son of Bani, a layman who made the same pledge (Ezra 10:36; 1 Esd 9:34).

6. A son of Elioenai whose ancestry is traced back through Zerubbabel, Jeconiah and the royal lineage to Solomon and to David (1 Chron 3:24).