Originally a Covenanting group named after Richard Cameron,* they fought for religious liberty in the last persecuting years of the Stuart dynasty. A majority refused thereafter to join the reestablished (Presbyterian) Church of Scotland, holding that some of the most precious rights of Christ for which the Covenanters* had suffered were not recognized by church and state. Known since 1743 as the Reformed Presbyterian Church,* modern Cameronians maintain substantially their former principles, particularly Christ's claim to national obedience.