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Calah

CALAH (kă'la). A very ancient city of Assyria on the upper reaches of the Tigris River, built originally by Nimrod, who is listed in Gen.10.6-Gen.10.12 as a grandson of Ham, son of Noah. According to KJV, the builder was “Asshur,” from whom Assyria gets it name; but cf. NIV. The city was apparently rebuilt by Shalmanezer I (reigned c. 1456-1436 b.c.), then later abandoned for many centuries till Ashurnasirpal, who is pictured as “Ruthlessness Incarnate” (reigned c. 926-902), restored it. Aside from the mention in the Bible, the city is famous for its immense statuary in the form of winged lions and winged bulls, some of which can be seen in the British Museum today. Several great palaces have been excavated there, and the place is now known as “Nimrud.”