CAESAR. Caesar was a cognomen of the Julian family, whose most eminent member was Caius Julius Caesar, the great soldier, statesman, orator, and author (102-44 b.c.). Caesar was the last of a series of commanders who, for a full cent. of constitutional crises and civil strife, had used the power of the army to impose political solutions for Rome’s recurrent breakdowns of law and order, a pernicious practice which was ultimately to destroy the Rom. state.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
Originally the surname of the Julian gens (thus, Caius Julius Caesar); afterward a name borne by the Roman emperors. In the