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Bubastis

BUBASTIS (bū-băs'tĭs, Gr. form of the Heb. Pi-Beseth). A city in the delta of Lower Egypt (Ezek.30.17) near Aven (On, or Heliopolis), on the western bank of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile. The names of Ramses II and of Shishak, conqueror of Rehoboam, are inscribed on the ruins. The red granite temple of the goddess Basht, admired by Herodotus, has been excavated. Also found was a unique cemetery of cats sacred to Basht; the cats had been buried, not mummified. Bubastis was occupied in the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Empire, the Middle Empire, Hyksos times, the New Empire to its end, and Roman times.