BRUISE (חַבּוּרָה, H2467, a stripe or blow; דָּקַק, H1990, to grind; NT κα̂τακόπτω, to cut, to beat). A bruise, also known as a contusion, is an injury to body tissue arising from the impact of an object possessing a blunt surface. It presents no loss of body tissue substance and no break in the skin. It is associated with tissue reaction in the form of effusion of blood and tissue juices into the tissue spaces beneath the skin. Recovery from a bruise is effected by the gradual liquefaction and absorption of these damaged tissues and their replacement with scar and, in some instances, with newly formed tissue similar to the injured tissue. During the healing the bruised area often changes in color from a bluish-gray to a green and then to a yellow hue, until absorption is complete. (See
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
brooz, broozd: The noun occurs in
(1) shuph (
(2) daqaq (
(3) dakha’, in the classical passage,
(4) ratsats, "A bruised reed shall he not break,"
Arthur J. Kinsella