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Brimstone

BRIMSTONE, formerly the common vernacular name for sulphur (cf. KJV and NEB Rev 9:17); now chiefly used when referring to its inflammable character. Sulphur is a non-metallic element with a yellow color and commonly found as well-formed crystals. It is soft, melts at 113oC and burns with a blue flame with the formation of noxious, suffocating sulphur dioxide gas. There are three main geological environments: (1) in the cap rock of salt domes, e.g. the Gulf Coast region of USA, (2) in sedimentary beds, e.g. S central Sicily and (3) in regions of volcanic activity, e.g. Japan, where it is found in craters and crevices of extinct volcanoes, having been deposited by gasses of volcanic origin in the fumarolic stage of decadent vulcanism. Such a volcanic environment existed in recent geological times near Lake Tiberias, and in Syria, where Mount Hebron was a prominent volcano, and a thick pile of plateau basalt lavas form the Hauran Plain. Radiocarbon analysis of carbonized organic matter