A heretical sect with a reputation for licentious living and disbelief in future judgment, they are associated by Epiphanius about 370 with Ophite* Gnostics. Borboriani or Borboritae (i.e., “Mud Men”) is commonly thought to be a nickname for Barbelitae, Gnostic worshipers of the female aeon Barbelo. In 428 they were forbidden to assemble or pray; in the sixth-century laws of Justinian against heretics they are described as a subsection of the Manichaeans.*