BISHLAM (bĭsh'lăm). An officer of Artaxerxes (Cambyses) who opposed the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra.4.7).
BISHLAM bĭsh’ ləm
[?]). One of three men who wrote a letter of complaint against the Jews to Artaxerxes, the king of Persia (Ezra 4:7
; 1 Esd 2:16
; KJV, ASV BELEMUS). The LXX renders the word bishlam
“in peace.” It has also been suggested that bishlam
is a corruption of an original בִּיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם
, meaning “against Jerusalem.” The letter really was against the Jews in Jerusalem and complained that the Jews were rebuilding the city.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(bishlam, "peaceful" (?)): One of three foreign colonists who wrote a letter of complaint against the Jews to Artaxerxes (Ezr 4:7 = 1 Esdras 2:16). In 1 Esdras the reading is "Belemus." "And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of his companions, unto Artaxerxes, king of Persia," etc. (Ezr 4:7). The Septuagint renders Bishlam as en eirene, "in peace," as though it were a phrase rather than a proper name; this is clearly an error.