BARUCH (bâr'ŭk, Heb. bārûkh', blessed)
BARUCH bâ’ ruk (בָּר֣וּכְ, LXX, Βαρουχ, blessed). 1. Son of Neriah and brother of Seraiah, chamberlain to Zedekiah (
Baruch must have served at personal sacrifice for, in that same year, Jeremiah directed a message from Jehovah to Baruch in which the scribe was instructed not to seek great things for himself because Jehovah’s punitive action would bring about a tearing down of what He had built (
The scribe’s activity appears again in 587, during the siege, while Jeremiah was imprisoned in the court of the guard. At the offer of his cousin, the prophet exercised his right of redemption and purchased a property in Anathoth. Jeremiah delivered the deeds which had been witnessed in the court of the guard to Baruch for hiding until the restoration from captivity (
Just after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 b.c. Nebuchadnezzar permitted Jeremiah to choose his and Baruch’s destiny. Jeremiah chose to stay in Jerusalem, but when he warned against going to Egypt, Hoshaiah and Johanan accused him of being influenced by Baruch and took the prophet and his scribe with them into Egypt (
2. Son of Zabbai who aided Nehemiah in rebuilding the Jerusalem walls (
3. One of those who set his seal to Nehemiah’s covenant (
4. Son of Colhozeh, a descendant of Perez of Judah (
5. For Apocryphal writings under Baruch’s name see Apocrypha.
Josephus, Antiq. X. vi. 2; X. ix. 1; J. B. Payne, An Outline of Hebrew History (1954), 189-192.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
ba’-ruk, bar’-uk (baruk; Barouch, "blessed"):
(a) The APOCALYPSE OF BARUCH (which see);
(c) the Rest of the Words of Baruch;
(d) the Gnostic Book of Baruch;
(e) the Latin Book of Baruch, composed originally in Latin;
(f) a Greekbelonging to the 2nd century of our era;
(g) another Book of Baruch belonging to the 4th or 5th century.
(2) A son of Zabbai who aided Nehemiah in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem (
(3) One of the priests who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (
(4) The son of Colhozeh, a descendant of Perez, the son of Judah (
T. Witton Davies