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Christian Apologetics

This an introductory class to Christian Apologetics.

About this Class

These lectures were given at Reformed Theological Seminary in Orlando, Florida during the fall of 2001.


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  • Time Required:
    15 hours
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  • Institution:
    Reformed Theological Seminary



Introduction to Apologetics.


Apologetics involves finding evidence and presenting arguments to defend the Christian faith.


Two prominent worldviews are Christian theism and naturalism.


The law of non-contradiction states that A cannot be B and non-B at the same time and in the same sense.


Explanations and responses to different worldviews.


If God is good and all powerful, then why does evil exist?


Discussion about how the existence of evil is consistent with God's character.


Your noetic structure, presuppositions and view of epistemology are important elements in the formation of your worldview.


Discussion of deductive presuppositionalism vs. inductive presuppositionalism.


Objections to inductive presuppositionalism.


Arguments for and against evidentialism.


Arguments for and against foundationalism.


Discussion of natural theology.


There are valid, sound and cogent arguments for the existence of God, but no coercive proofs.


Discussion of different arguments for God's existence.


One version of the cosmological argument for God's existence emphasizes God as first in time, another emphasizes God as first in importance.


A possible world is a way the real world could have been. Modal logic, propositions, state of affairs and eternal entities are some of the considerations when discussing a possible world.


Something is logically possible if its description does not include a logical contradiction. The existence of the laws of knowledge refute the system of naturalism.


Middle knowledge is a form of knowledge attributed to God by Molina.


Miracles are a dividing line and central to Christianity.


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The Foundations program is intended for everyone, regardless of biblical knowledge. The Academy program is intended for those who would like more advanced studies. And the Institute program is intended for those who want to study seminary-level classes.

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