Dr. Tremper Longman III
Dr. Tremper Longman III graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University, earned a Master of Divinity from Westminster Theological Seminary, and completed a doctorate in ancient Near Eastern studies at Yale University. He served as the Robert H. Gundry professor of biblical studies at Westmont from 1998 until he retired in 2017. He continues to serve the college as a distinguished scholar of biblical studies. He has written or co-authored numerous scholarly articles and more than 20 books, including interdisciplinary works, books with psychologist Dan Allender, works on history and historiography, and textbooks for both seminary students a lay people. He is one of the main translators of the New Living Translation and has served as a consultant on other popular translations of the Bible including the Message, the New Century Version, and the Holman Standard Bible.
Main Professional Activities
Institutional Activities Managing Editor of the Westminster Theological Journal (1982-1989)
Book Review Editor of the Westminster Theological Journal (1989-1992)
Faculty Representative to the Academic Affairs Committee of the Board of Trustee (1993-1994; 1995-1996; 1997)
Faculty Council, Westmont College, 2001-2004
Chair of the Department of Religious Studies, Westmont College (2001-2004)
Consultant and Editor
Board Member of the Institute of Holy Land Studies (1984-1989)
Consultant to the Academic Affairs Committee of Zondervan Publishing Company (1986-1993)
Member of the Executive Committee, Institute of Biblical Research (1988-1991)
Consultant to Word Inc. on The New Century Version Co-editor with Willem VanGemeren of the series Issues in Contemporary Old Testament Theology (Zondervan)
General Reviewer of the Living Bible Revision
Project Member of the Central Bible Translation Committee (sponsored by Tyndale House Publishers)
On board of Cornerstone Counseling Services (1994-1998)
Associate Editor, New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (Zondervan).
Associate Editor, NIV Life Application Commentary (Zondervan).
Revision Editor for the Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Zondervan).
Editor of the series “The Gospel according to the Old Testament” (Presbyterian and Reformed).
Editorial Board of the Revised Eerdman’s Handbook of the Bible.
Editor of modular commentary series on wisdom for Baker Books.
Translation team member (Jeremiah) for the Holman Translation of the Bible
Editor, Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry and Writings (IVP)
Chair of Revision Committee of the New Century Version (2004-2005)
Member of the editorial board for the Bulletin of Biblical Research (2004-2010)
General Editor, The Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary General Editor, Regula Fidei Commentary Series (Zondervan)
Consultant, Biblical Scholar, The Voice Bible (Thomas Nelson)
Editorial Board, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith Advisory Council, The Biologos Foundation (2015-)
Advisory Council, “Science for Seminaries” Program for DOSER, AAAS (2015-)
General Editor (with Mark Strauss) of the Baker Expository Dictionary.
Daniel (NIVAC; Zondervan 1999).
Genesis (Story of God Commentary Series; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2016).
Old Testament Commentary Survey (Baker, 1991).
“Micah,’ in Evangelical Commentary on the Bible (ed. By W. A. Elwell; Baker, 1989). “God’s Law and Mosaic Punishments Today,” in Theophany: A Reformed Critique (ed. By W. S. Barker and W. Robert Godfrey; Zondervan, 1990) 41-58.
Reading the Bible with Heart and Mind (NavPress, 1997).
Psalms (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries; InterVarsity Press, 2014).
Job. BCOTWP; Baker, 2012.
Introduction to the Old Testament (2 nd edition; with R. B. Dillard; Zondervan, 2006) Old Testament Commentary Survey (4 th edition, 2006).
Ecclesiastes and the Song of Songs (Cornerstone Commentaries; Tyndale, 2006).
Proverbs (BCOTWP; Baker, 2006).
A Biblical History of Israel (with Iain Provan and V. Philips Long; John Knox/Westminster Press, 2003).
How to Read Proverbs (IVP, September 2002).
Immanuel in Our Place: Seeing Christ in Israel’s Worship (P and R, 2001).
Making Sense of the Old Testament: Three Crucial Questions (Baker, 1998).An Introduction to the Old Testament (with Ray Dillard; Zondervan, 1994).
God is a Warrior (with Daniel Reid; Zondervan, 1995).
Intimate Allies (with Dan Allender; Tyndale, 1995). Paperback edition appeared in February 1999.
Second Author (with Dan Allender) of Bold Love (NavPress, 1992).
Bold Purpose: Exchanging Counterfeit Happiness for the Real Meaning of Life (with Dan Allender; Tyndale House Publishers, 1998).
Breaking the Idols of Your Heart: How to Navigate the Temptations of Life. With Dan Allender (IVP; 2007).
God Loves Sex: An Honest Conversation about Sexual Desire and Purity (with Dan Allender; Baker Books, 2014).
Cry of the Soul: How Our Emotions Reveal Our Deepest Questions about God (with Dan Allender; NavPress, 1994). Also published in Finnish, Spanish, and French.
“The Traits of Modern English Versions of the New Testament: A Study of the Project,” in The New Testament Student and Bible Translation (ed. J. H. Skilton; Philipsburg, N.J.: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1978) 171-175.
“The Mystery of Ebla,” The Westminster Bulletin (Fall, 1982, 1-3).
“A Critique of Two Recent Metrical Systems,” Biblica 62 (1982) 230-254.
“The Divine Warrior: The New Testament Use of an Old Testament Motif,” Westminster Theological Journal 44 (1982) 290-307.
“Fictional Akkadian Royal Autobiography: A Generic and Comparative Approach,” Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1983.
“I Sam. 12:16-19: Divine Omnipotence or Covenant Curse?,” Westminster Theological Journal 45 (1983) 168-171.
“Comparative Studies: Ecclesiastes Reconsidered,” TSF Bulletin (March-April, 1984) 69.
“Psalm 98: A Divine Warrior Hymn,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society (1984).
“Form Criticism, Recent Developments in Genre Theory, and the Evangelical,” Westminster Theological Journal 47 (1985).
“Cuneiform Tablets from the Toledo Museum of Art,” Revue d’Assyriologie 79 (1985) 17-41 (with M. Van de Mieroop).
“The Form and Message of Nahum: Preaching from a Prophet of Doom,” The Reformed Journal 1 (1985).
Assorted articles mainly on warfare and commerce in The Illustrated Bible Dictionary (ed. H. Lockyer; Thomas Nelson, 1986). “The Literary Approach to the Study of the Old Testament: Promise and Pitfalls,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 28 (1985) 385-398.
“Reading the Bible Like a Book,” Christianity Today (31/4; March 6, 1987) 27-28. “Hermeneutics and Counseling,” IBC Perspective 2.
Literary Approaches to Biblical Interpretation, vol. 3 in Foundations in Contemporary Hermeneutics (general editor Moises Silva) for Zondervan, 1987.
“Theophany” and “Anthropomorphism” in New Dictionary of Theology (IVP; 1988). How to Read the Psalms (Downers Grove: Intervarsity Press, 1988).
“Storytellers and Poets in the Bible: Can Literary Artifice be True?,” in Inerrancy and Hermeneutics (ed. H. Conn; Baker, 1988).
“Solomon—God is Pleased with His Prayer for Wisdom,” Decision Magazine (Dec. 1988).“What I Mean by Historical-Grammatical Exegesis—Why I Am Not a Literalist,” Grace Theological Journal 11 (1990) 41-58.
Editor of The Bible User’s Manual (Leicester, England: IVP, 1991), published as The Complete Bible Study Tool Kit in the USA.
Fictional Akkadian Autobiography: A Generic and Comparative Study (Eisenbrauns, 1991)
Editor (with L. Ryken) of A Complete Literary Guide to the Bible (Zondervan, 1993). “Nahum,” in T. McComiskey (ed.), The Minor Prophets: An Exegetical and Expository Commentary (Baker, 1993) 765-829.
“Psalms,” in the Geneva Study Bible (Thomas Nelson, 1995).
Old Testament Commentary Survey. Second Edition. (Baker, 1995).
“Lament.” In Cracking the Code. Broadman, 1995.
“Seven Keys to Understanding Scripture.” Discipleship Journal 89 (1995) 48-52.
Consultant to The One Year Chronological Bible (Tyndale, 1995).
Assorted articles, including Theologies of Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, and Nahum, for The Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology (edited by W. A. Elwell; Baker Books, 1996).
“Literary Approaches to Biblical Interpretation,” in Foundations of Contemporary Interpretation (Zondervan, 1996), pp. 95-196. Reprint of Literary Approaches to Biblical Interpretation.
“When God Declares War,” (with Dan Reid) Christianity Today 40 (October 28, 1996), pp. 14-21.
The Everyday Study Bible (co-editor with Joel Green; Word, 1996). The volume contains 260 articles of which I wrote ca. 30.
“Fictional Akkadian Autobiography,” in The Context of Scripture: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World (W. W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, Jr., eds.; Brill, 1997), pp. 476-482.
“How to Read the Psalms,’ Discipleship Journal 99 (May/June 1997) 43-48.
“Seven Keys to Understanding Scripture,” in Discover the Word: Reading the Bible for All Its Worth (edited by E. Leadingham; Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 1997), pp. 4960. This is a reprint of the Discipleship Journal (1995) article.
Associate editor and numerous articles including an introductory article in the five volumes, New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (W. VanGemeren [general editor]; Zondervan, 1997). The Book of Ecclesiastes (NICOT; Eerdmans, 1998).
“Guilt and Compassion: Old Testament versus New Testament?” modernReformation 6 (1997) 10-11, 17.“Promises, Promises,” Tabletalk (December, 1998).
Editor and contributor (with Leland Ryken and Jim Wilholt, Dictionary of Biblical Imagery (Intervarsity Press, 1998).
“Preaching from the Book of Ecclesiastes” and “Preaching from the Song of Songs,” Ministry and Theology (Seoul, Korea: Tyrannus Publisher, 1998).
“Reading the Bible Postmodernly,” Mars Hill Review 12 (1998) 23-30.Paperback edition of Intimate Allies (1999).
Paperback edition of Cry of the Soul (1999).
“Literary Approaches to Old Testament Study,” in The Faces of Old Testament Study (eds. D. Baker and Bill Arnold; Baker, 1999).
“Adultery: Betrayed Commitments,” in Decision Magazine 41 (July-August, 2000), 31-4. “Evangelicals and the Comparative Method,” in Creator Redeemer Consummator: A Festschrift for Meredith G. Kline, edited by H. Griffith and J. R. Muether; Greenville, SC: Reformed Academic Press, 2000. Pp. 33-42.
Contributor to New Dictionary of Biblical Theology (edited by T. D. Alexander and B. S. Rosner; Leicester, England: IVP Press, 2000).
“Holy War,” in Tabletalk (January 2001), pp. 8-10, 56.
“’You Want Me to Go Where?” Discipleship Journal 122 (March/April 2001), p. 45. “Adultery—Betrayed Commitments,” reprinted in The Ten Commandments (Minneapolis: World Wide Publications, 2001), pp. 35-39. Song of Songs (NICOT; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001).
9 essays in The Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday’s Texts, vol. 1 (ed. R. Van Harn; Eerdmans, 2001).
“Accuracy and Readability: Warring Impulses in Evangelical Translation Tradition,” in Biblical Translation in Context, edited by Frederich Knobloch (University Press of Maryland, 2002), pp. 165-75.
“The Case for Spiritual Continuity,” pages 161-95 in Show Them No Mercy: Four Views on God and Canaanite Genocide (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003).
Good Question article in Christianity Today (May, 2003).
“Israelite Genres in their Ancient Near Eastern Context,” in The Changing Face of Form Criticism for the Twenty First Century (edited by E. Ben Zvi and M. Sweeney; Eerdmans, 2003): 177-95.
3d updated edition of the Old Testament Commentary Guide (Baker, 2003).
“The Family in Wisdom Literature,” in Family in the Bible (edited by R. Hess and M. Daniel Carroll R.; Baker Books, 2003: 80-99.
“Deuteronomy” “Song of Songs” and “Ecclesiastes” for the Renovare Study Bible (HarperCollins, 2005) How to Read Genesis (InterVarsity Press, 2005).
“The Psalms and the Genre of Ancient Near Eastern Prayers,” in Interpreting the Psalms, edited by P. Johnston and D. Firth (IVP, 2005), pp. 41-59.
Intimate Marriage Curriculum (book, seven Bible study guides, leader’s guide, and DVD; InterVarsity, 2005).
“History of Israel 7: Persian Period,” in the Dictionary of the Historical Books, ed. by H. G. M. Williamson and B. Arnold (InterVarsity).
“Sovereign Lord: The Message of Daniel is God’s Triumph over Evil,” interview article (Australian Presbyterian, November, 2005). “Song of Songs,” for the Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of Scripture (edited by K. Vanhoozer, C. Bartholomew, N. T. Wright; Baker, 2005).
Contributor to the Men’s Devotional Bible (Zondervan, 2006).
“Reading Wisdom Canonically,” in Canon and Biblical Interpretation (eds, C. Bartholomew, et. al.; Zondervan, 2006), pp. 352-373.
“Poetical Books,” IVP Introduction to the Bible: Story, Themes and Interpretation (Leicester, England, 2006); The IVP Introduction to the Bible (Downers Grove, IL, 2006).
“The Messiah: Explorations in Law and Writings,” in The Messiah in the Old and New Testaments, edited by S. E. Porter, 2007), pp. 13-34.“E. J. Young,” in Dictionary of Major Biblical Interpreters (IVP, 2007).
Jeremiah and Lamentations (NIBC; Hendrickson, 2008).
Editor and contributor of the Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry and Writings (IVP, 2008). Award of Merit: Christianity Today and Gold Medallion in the Bible and Reference Category (Evangelical Publishing Association).
“The Theology and History of the Exodus: The State of the Question,” Buried History: Journal of the Australian Institute of Archaeology 43 (2007): 27-34.
Co-editor and Contributor to the New Living Translation Study Bible (2008). Co-author (with T. McComiskey) of “Amos” and “Micah,” in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Revised Edition; Zondervan, 2008).
“Autobiography” and “Baal-hamon” for the EBR (Brill).
The Expanded Bible, New Testament (contributing scholar along with Mark Strauss and Dan Taylor; Thomas Nelson, 2009). How to Read Exodus (IVP, 2009).
“Genesis,” NLT Study Series (Tyndale House Publishers, 2009).
“Proverbs,” in The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary, vol 5, edited by J. Walton (Zondervan, 2009), pp. 464-505.
“Challenging the Idols of the Twenty-First Century: The Message of the Book of Ecclesiastes,” Stone-Campbell Journal 12 (2009) 207-18.
“Divine Warrior,” in the Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia (2009; Silva, editor).
“Frustrations and False Gods: Living in a Fallen World,” with Dan Allender (a DVD hosted by Donald Miller and produced by Converge (November 2009).
“Isaiah 65:17-25,” Interpretation 64 (January, 2010), 72-73.
Daniel: Faith Under Pressure (with Janet Nygren). In the Bringing the Bible to Life series (Zondervan, 2010), “The Glory of God in the Old Testament,” in The Glory of God, edited by C. W. Morgan and R. A. Peterson (Crossway, 2010), 47-78.
“Preaching Wisdom,” in ‘He Began with Moses…’: Preaching the Old Testament Today, edited by Greenville J. R. Kent, Paul J. Kissingling, and Laurence A. Turner (Nottingham: IVP, 2010), 102-21.
“Isaiah,” in the HCSB Study Bible (Holman Bible Publishers, 2010), 1123-1229. Science, Creation and the Bible (with Richard F. Carlson; IVP, 2010).
“Why Do Bad things Happen to Good People? A Biblical-Theological Approach,” in Eyes to See, Ears to Hear: Essays in Memory of J. Alan Groves (edited by P. Enns, D. J. Green, and M. B. Kelly; P and R, 2010), pp. 1-16.
“Wisdom as Paradigmatic in Scripture,” in Preaching Character: Reclaiming Wisdom’s Paradigmatic Imagination for Transformation (edited by D. Bland and D. Fleer; Abiline Christian University Press, 2010), 23-47.
“Job” with E. Smick, in Expositors Bible Commentary: Revised Edition (Zondervan, 2010), 675-921.
“’Holy War’ and the Universal God: Reading the Old Testament Holy War Texts in a Biblical Theological and Post-Colonial Setting,” in R. R. Cook and D. W. Pao (eds.), After Imperialism: Christian Identify in China and the Global Evangelical Movement (Studies in Chinese Christianity; Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2011), pp. 96111.
“Spirit and Wisdom,” in D. G. Firth and P. D. Wegner (eds.), Presence, Power and Promise: The Role of the Spirit of God in the Old Testament (Nottingham: Apollos, 2011; Intervarsity, 2011), 95-110.
Contributing Editor and Contributor, The Eerdmans Companion to the Bible, edited by Gordon Fee and Robert Hubbard (Eerdmans, 2011).
“Proverbs,” in the Common English Bible.
The Expanded Bible (with M. Strauss and D. Taylor; Thomas Nelson, 2011). Contributor, The Baker Illustrated Bible Handbook (edited by Hays and Duvall, 2011). “Psalm 77: A Cry of the Soul.” In Festschrift in Honor of Dr. Prof. In Whan Kim, Professor of the Old Testament and the former president of Chongshin University (Chongshin University, 2011), 203-25.
“How Universal is Wisdom Literature?” in Reading the Old Testament for Public Life Today. Edited by R. O’Dowd (Cardus, 2011), 26-29.
“Micah,” in The Baker Illustrated Bible Commentary, edited by G. M. Burge and A. E. Hill (Baker, 2012), 860-872.
“History and Old Testament Interpretation,” in Hearing the Old Testament: Listening for God’s Address. Edited by C. Bartholomew and D. Beldman. Eerdmans, 2012. 96-121. Jeremiah and Lamentations (Understanding the Bible Commentary Series; Baker, 2008), previously published by Hendrickson Publishing).
Introducing the Old Testament: A Short Guide to Its History and Message, Zondervan, 2012.
5 th updated edition of the Old Testament Commentary Guide (Baker, 2013). “Determining the Historical Context of Ecclesiastes.” In The Words of the Wise are Like Goads: Engaging Qohelet in the 21 st Century. Edited by M. J. Boda, T. Longman III, C. G. Rata. (Eisenbrauns, 2013). pp. 89-102.
“What Genesis 1-2 Teaches (and What It Doesn’t),” in Reading Genesis 1-2: An Evangelical Conversation, edited by J. Daryl Charles (Hendrickson, 2013), pp. 103-28 General editor and contributor, Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Baker, 2013).
(with Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein), Holy Land Moments (Tyndale, 2013).
“From Weeping to Rejoicing: Psalm 150 as the Conclusion to the Psalter,” in The Psalms: Language for All Seasons of the Soul, edited by D. Howard and A. Schmutzer (Moody, 2013): 219-28.
“Criminal and Civil Law in the Torah: The Mosaic Law in Christian Perspective,” with David Skeel, in Law and the Bible: Justice, Mercy and Legal Institutions (InterVarsity Press, 2013), 80-100.
Essential Guide: Old Testament (IVP, 2014) T. Longman (editor), The Baker Compact Bible Dictionary (Baker, 2014).
“Foreward,” in Reconsidering the Relationship between Biblical and Systematic Theology in the New Testament, edited by B. E. Reynolds, B. Lugioyo, and K. J. Vanhoozer (Mohr Siebeck, 2014).
“Qohelet as Solomon: ‘For What Can Anyone Who Comes after the King Do?’ (Ecclesiastes 2:12),” in Reading Ecclesiastes Intertextually, edited by K. Dell and W. Kyne (Bloomsbury T. and T. Clark, 2014), “Getting Brutally Honest with God: The Psalms of Lament Invite Us to Voice Our Frustrations—and Provide a Reason to Hope,” Christianity Today 59 (April 2015), 56-9. “The ‘Fear of God’ in the Book of Ecclesiastes,” BBR 25 (2015): 13-22.
“Wisdom’s Response to the Divine Initiative,” Ex Auditu 30 (2014): 26-41.
“What Good Are Proverbs?” In Touch Magazine 7 (2015): 27-28.
“Everything is Not Meaningless,” The Gospel Coalition Blog (by invitation) (http://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/everything-is-not-meaningless) “Daniel,” in NIV Zondervan Study Bible; ed. By D. A. Carson (Zondervan, 2015), 16871716.
“Proverbs,” on SBL’s Bible Odyssey site (by invitation), http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/tools/ask-a-scholar/proverbs.aspx A Biblical History of Israel, 2 nd edition (with I. Provan and V. P. Long; Westminster John Knox, 2015) “Psalm 1” and Proverbs 1:1-7,” in Devotions in the Hebrew Bible, edited by M. Eng and L. M. Fields (Zondervan, 2015).
Editor and contributor (“Prayer in the Psalms”) of Praying with Ancient Israel: Exploring the Theology of Prayer in the Old Testament (Abilene Christian University Press, 2015) (see pp. 87-100).“An Old Testament Professor Celebrates Creation,” in How I Changed My Mind about Evolution: Evangelicals Reflect on Faith and Science, edited by K. Applegate and J. B. Stump (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2016), 48-53.
“’Meaningless, Meaningless, Says Qohelet’: Finding the Meaning of Life in the Book of Ecclesiastes,” in J. Seachris and S. Goetz, editors, God and Meaning: New Essays (Bloomsbury Academic, 2016), 231-46.
“Genesis,” for the Baker Illustrated Bible Background Commentary, edited by J. Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays (Baker, 2016).
The Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy (Discovery Series: Understanding the Bible: Our Daily Bread Ministries, 2017).
Co-editor (along with P. Copan, C. L. Reese, and M. G. Strauss) and contributor to Dictionary of Christianity and Science (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017).
Articles: Adam and Eve; Genesis, Book of; Creation; Genesis Flood; Atrahasis; Gilgamesh Epic; Enuma Elish; John Walton; Howard Van Till; Genesis, Interpretation of Chapters 1 and 2 (Canonical View); Image of God; Genealogy; Tower of Babel; Serpent; Firmament; Fall “How Long Are the ‘Days’ of Genesis One?” Biologos Blog The Story Psalm: Scripture Union Canada The Fear of the Lord is the Beginning of Wisdom: A Theological Introduction to Wisdom in Israel (Baker, 2017)
Society of Biblical Literature (1981- )
American Oriental Society (1982-1995)
American Schools of Oriental Research (1982-1995)
Evangelical Theological Society (1983- )
Institute for Biblical Research (1983- )
Semiotic Society of America (1984-1990)