The Son of Man
OT and purported apocryphal sources.
The most important occurrence of the phrase “Son of man” is found in
While some scholars would trace Jesus’ use of the term Son of man to the Apocryphal or Pseudepigraphical lit., esp. the, this is categorically denied by both Strachan and Campbell. The notion of , adopted by Wellhausen, that the title Son of man derived from the Aram. word barnash, Aram. being the language which they assumed Jesus spoke, and the word meaning vaguely “anyone” or “everyman,” was applied to Jesus in Asia Minor in the first half of the 2nd cent. and later incorporated into the gospels, is categorically denied by Stalker and Dalman, and later admitted by Wellhausen himself to be untenable (Stalker p. 2830).
The Heb. word גֶּ֫בֶר, H1505, “man as a mighty being,” is used by Jeremiah in a special sense in what Girdlestone regards as a Messianic allusion. “...the Lord has created a new thing on the earth: a woman protects [‘encompass,’ ASV] a man”; “Literally, ‘a female shall compass (or enclose) a Mighty One’” (
NT use of the term Son of man.
A. Clarke, Theof Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, I (n.d.), 532, 533; R. B. Girdlestone, Synonyms of the (1897), 45-47; K. Lake and F. J. Foakes-Jackson, The Beginnings of Christianity, I (1920), 368-384; C. H. Kraeling, Anthropos and the (1927); J. Stalker, ISBE, V (1939), 2829; H. B. Sharman, Son of Man and (1943); G. S. Duncan, Jesus, Son of Man (1947); S. E. Johnson, IB, VII (1951), 343, 344; W. F. Howard and A. J. Gossip, IB, VIII (1952), 507, 508; C. H Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel (1953), 241-249; H. G. May, IB, VI (1956), 76; S. E. Johnson, IBD, IV (1962), 413-420; H. Lindsell, Harper Study Bible (1964), 1450.