Four Key Principles of Exegesis
The first goal of hermeneutics is to determine the author’s intended meaning of the text. The interpretation process must take into account the genre of the literature and the historical and literary context. The meaning of the text controls our application. In this lecture, you will get a glimpse of the process of interpretation by looking at four principles of exegesis, the four steps we take to cross the bridge from our contemporary culture to the original context of the Biblical authors.
Summary Overview of the Hermeneutical Process
A. Determine the Author's Intended Meaning
1. Double Meaning?
a. Word Play
b. Dual Fulfillment of the Prophecies
B. The Meaning of a Text is Genre Dependent
C. Context is the Key to Interpretation
1. Historical Context
a. General Historical Context: Geographical, Social/Political & Religious
2. Literary Context
e. Broader Context
D. The Text Itself Must be Given Priority
1. A spiral from inductive to deductive reasoning
2. A spiral from text to context
3. Clarification of the meaning of the phrase, "interpreting the Bible literally."