Doctrine of Humanity (Part 2)
The characteristics that give a human personhood belong to another order of explanation than that explored by biology. Sartre, who is an existentialist, says that existence precedes essence. In other words, each person determines their own nature by the choices they make. Others would say that your choices determine your character but that’s separate from your nature. Postmodernism teaches that the self is only a social and linguistic construct. Some scientists have argued that humans do not have a soul, but that cannot be proved or disproved by the scientific method. If God is dead, humanity is dead. Human beings are more than the social groups in which they participate. Humans are animals, but not merely animals.
I. ROGER SCRUTON ON HUMAN NATURE
II. VARIOUS DEFICIENT ANTHRPOLGOIES
1. No universal truths
2. Reality is unknowable
3. Truth and knowledge are simply constructions of language and social location
4. Value judgments are not objective or universal
5. Postmodernism denies an enduring, unified self
D. Identity politics
E. Consequences of denying the "imago dei"
III. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS