Free Online Bible Classes | Worship and the Sacraments (Part 2)

Worship and the Sacraments (Part 2)

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Lesson

Wesley’s view of baptism is both sacramental and “evangelical.” Wesley considers the Lord’s Supper as a means of grace because it is, “food for the journey. In the early church, believers were required to be baptized before they could receive the Lord’s Supper. The sign is the bread and wine, the signification is the body and blood of Jesus and the promise is the forgiveness of sins and renewal of our nature. Luther describe’s the Lord’s Supper as a testament. Wesley says that there is a spiritual presence of Jesus in the Lord’s Supper. The Lord’s Supper is not a sacrifice, but it does bring the meanings of the death of Jesus into the community of faith in a tangible way. Wesley thought that each person should receive the Lord’s Supper as often as possible.

Outline

II. DEVELOPMENT OF SACRAMENTAL THEOLOGY

D. Lord's Supper

1. Sign, signification and promise

2. Transubstantiation

3. Wesley's view of the elements of the Lord's Supper

4. Luther's comments

5. Continuity and discontinuity between the Old Testament and New Testament

E. John Wesley on the sacrament of the Lord's Supper

1. Outward sign of an inward grace

2. The presence of Jesus in the Lord's Supper

3. Celebration with thanksgiving for the gift of the sacrifice of Jesus

4. Localized real presence of Jesus in the Lord's Supper

5. Meaningful to the community of faith

6. Wesley did not believe in transubstantiation

7. Sermon, "The Duty of Constant Communion"

III. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS