Free Online Bible Classes | What Unites and Divides Protestants and Roman Catholics

Lecture 1: What Unites and Divides Protestants and Roman Catholics

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Lesson

Have you stopped to consider what Protestants and Roman Catholics have in common theologically and in practice? Thre are quite a few areas of agreement that can create opportunities for dialogue and fellowship. There are also significant differences in core principles and even differences in the way theological terms are defined. Key theological terms like grace, mercy, justification and sacraments have different meanings for each group. Listening to this lecture is a great opportunity for you to see the main similarities and differences between Protestants and Roman Catholics. It will also provide context for the other lectures in this course. 

Outline

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Systemic approach to Roman Catholic Theology

B. Roman Catholic theology as a system is grounded on two axioms

1. The nature-grace interdependence

2. The Christ-Church interconnection

C. Vast agreement on ten matters

D. There are significant differences in theology and practice

II. KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CATHOLIC THEOLOGY AND PROTESTANT THEOLOGY: SCRIPTURE, TRADITION, AND INTERPRETATION

A. Divine revelation: Scripture and Tradition, or Scripture alone

B. Canon of Scripture

C. The interpretation of Scripture

III. KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ROMAN CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT THEOLOGY

A. Image of God

B. Sin and its consequences

C. The role of Mary

D. The Church

E. The Sacraments

F. Doctrine of salvation

G. Good works

H. Perseverance

I. Purgatory

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