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Most of the content of Titus has been covered in the lectures over 1 Timothy. However, the letter does have something to add to the discussion of leadership, and its two salvific hymns raise the issue of the reationship between justification and sanctification.


Titus 1:1-4

Historical context


Titus 1:5-9

Historical context (1:5)

Children (1:6)

Above reproach (1:7)

Teaching Competencies (1:9)

1. Commitment

2. Teach truth

3. Refute error

Titus 1:10–16

Titus 2:1–10

Introduction to household codes (2:1)

Older men (2:2)

Older women (2:3-5)

Younger men (2:6)

Personal (2:7-8)

Slaves (2:9-10)

Titus 2:11–15


“For” (2:11a)

God’s grace has appeared (vv 11b)

1. Brings salvation

2. “Training us to … “ (v 12)

3. Eschatological expectation (v 13a)

Strongest statement of Christ’s divinity in the Bible (v 13b)

“Appearance” contrasts with the emperor (cf. 1 Tim 6:14)

Doctrine of the divinity of Christ does not rest on any one verse or affirmation

But this is the clearest

1. Granville Sharp rule

2. Salvation is connected to God the Father (v 11) and Jesus (v 13)

3.”God and Savior” is a set phrase in Greek culture

4. ἐπιφανεία is always Jesus’ second coming.

Christ’s work on the cross (14)

1. Negatively: to redeem

2. Positively: to purify

Summary charge (3:15 )

Titus 3:1-11

Call to ethical behavior (3:1-2)

Second great hymn (3:3-8)



1. God’s goodness and kindness does what we cannot do for ourselves

2. Motivated by his own mercy

3. Accomplished through the work of the Holy Spirit

4. Repeated: not what we do — “justified by his grace”

Titus 3:12–15

Final comments

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