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Scribal Corruptions (intentional)

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Lesson

Contrary to popular belief, intentional scribal changes were not malicious in nature, but rather displayed pious intentions and a high view of scripture. Scribal corruptions for the most part, did not reflect a desire to obfuscate, but to clarify the scripture.

Outline

I. INTRODUCTION

Not evil or malicious, but generally pious

II. SPELLING/GRAMMAR CHANGES

A. Tendency to change the grammar to conform to better Greek

B. ἵνα + future indicative (corrected by Byzantine)

III. HARMONIZATIONS

A. Gospel Parallels (e.g., Luke 5:30; Mark 2:16)

B. OT Quotations

C. Contextual Parallels

D. Common Expressions

IV. CORRECTING APPARENT DISCREPANCIES

Mark 1:2–3

V. CONFLATIONS

A. Combining two readings to make a new reading (esp. Byzantine)

B. Luke 24:53

VI. EXPLANATORY GLOSSES

A. Jesus’ name added in Mark 6 – 8

B. Eph 4:9

VII. DOCTRINALLY MOTIVATE CHANGES

A. No cardinal doctrine is effected by these

B. Romans 8:1

VIII. ADDITION OF ENRICHING MATERIAL

A. Western Text of Acts: 8.5% more material (c. 3 extra chapters)

B. Titles of some NT books (e.g., Revelation)

IX. SUMMARY

The harder reading is to be preferred