Free Online Bible Classes | Some Famous Papyri Manuscripts (Part 2)

Some Famous Papyri Manuscripts (Part 2)

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Lesson

Since papyri are the earliest records of NT text (containing 50% of NT) they are critical in revealing the original text shape of the NT text. Even Codex Sinaticus and Vaticanus, the two most important NT MSS in the world, are confirmed by Papyri.

Outline

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Almost all discovered after 19th century

B. 127 total so far [published], all fragmentary, containing half the NT

C. 2nd – 8th century

D. Those within c. 125 years of NT contain 43%+ of NT

E. Confirm superiority of Alexandrian text (no early Byzantine papyri)

II. JOHN RYLANDS PAPYRUS: P52 (PUBLISHED 1935)

A. F.C. Baur (dated John 160 A.D.)

B. C.H. Roberts (1934)

1. Codex fragment of John 18

2. AD 100 – 150 (could be earlier)

3. Earliest manuscript written as a codex

4. Basically Alexandrian

III. CHESTER BEATTY PAPYRI: P45, P46, P47

A. Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, Ireland

B. Purchase of MSS in Egypt

C. 30 leaves of P46 at University of Michigan

D. Published in 1930’s

IV. MANUSCRIPT P45

A. 3rd century

B. Gospels of Matthew, John, Luke, Mark, Acts (Western order)

C. Oldest MS of Mark’s Gospel

D. 30 leaves of an original A.D. 112

E. Text is a bit puzzling

V. MANUSCRIPT P47

A. 3rd century

B. Revelation

C. Oldest MS of Revelation

D. Ten leaves

E. Excellent text

VI. MANUSCRIPT P46

A. AD 200

B. Paul’s letters + Hebrews

C. Oldest MS of Paul

D. 86 leaves of an original 104

E. Single quire

F. 2 Thessalonians, Philemon, Pastorals missing

G. Ephesians 1.1