Free Online Bible Classes | Some Famous Majuscule Manuscripts (Part 2)

Some Famous Majuscule Manuscripts (Part 2)

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Lesson

This lecture continues the discussion about the most important New Testament manuscripts: the Majuscules, formerly known as uncials. This lecture describes Codex Alexandrinus - A, Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus - C, Codex Sinaiticus (Aleph), and Codex Washingtonianus - W - 1906.

Outline

I. INTRODUCTION

II. DESIGNATION

III. NUMBERS

IV. CODEX VATICANUS (B, 03)

V. CODEX BEZAE (D, 05)

VI. CODEX ALEXANDRINUS (A)

A. Known 1627

B. Description

1. Gift intended for King James but delivered after the KJV published

2. 5th Century

3. Byzantine in Gospels; Alexandrian for rest of NT

4. Most important MS for Revelation

C. Gospel of John

1. Section titles (4th – 5th century)

2. Pericope Adulterae is missing

VII. CODEX EPHRAEMI RESCRIPTUS (C)

A. Date: Early 5th century

B. Description

1. Mixed text but mostly Alexandrian

2. Palimpsest

3. 1 of 4 great majuscules, originally the entire Bible

4. Deciphered by Constantine Tischendorf (1840s)

C. Revelation 13:18

1. 2nd most important ms for Revelation, and it has the number of the beast as 616

2. Our second oldest papyri of Revelation (1998) also has 616

VIII. CODEX SINAITICUS (HEBREW ALEPH א 01)

A. Known 1859

B. Discovered by Tischendorf at Mt. Sinai in 1844

1. He claimed the monks were burning its leaves

2. Two more visits(1853, 1859)

C. Description

1. Date: 4th century

2. Alexandrian text

3. Oldest complete NT

D. Tischendorf’s evangelical motivation (contra Baur)

E. History of MS since 1859

IX. CODEX WASHINGTONIANUS (W, 032)

A. Purchased 1906 by Charles Freer

B. Description

1. Date: late 4th early 5th century

2. Western order of Gospels

3. Most important Gospels MS in US

C. Patchwork Gospels MS

1. All four text-types

2. Theory: during Diocletian era scribe was trying to save text

3. Faithfully transcribed (number abbreviations)

D. Freer Logion (Mark 16:14 and 15)