Free Online Bible Classes | Some Famous Majuscule Manuscripts (Part 1)

Some Famous Majuscule Manuscripts (Part 1)

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Lesson

This lecture describes the most important new Testament manuscripts: the Majuscules, formerly known as uncials. These documents contain the full text of the NT written many times over, on parchment, written in all caps.

Outline

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Most important mss

B. Majuscule (capital letter) ms on parchment

C. Previously known a “uncials”

D. Break at end of sentences between syllables

E. Whole NT reproduced many times over (3rd–10th century)

II. DESIGNATION

A. Latin Letters

B. Greek Letters

C. Hebrew Letter (e.g., Hebrew aleph א)

D. Arabic number with zero in front (e.g., 01, 032)

III. NUMBERS

A. 322 majuscules

B. 127 papyri

C. 2900 minuscules (latest one discovered by CSNTM)

IV. CODEX VATICANUS (B, 03)

A. Known 1475 (Vatican Library)

B. Used by Erasmus indirectly and minimally

C. Description

1. Early 4th century codex with most of the Bible (through Heb 9:13)

2. Most important MS to the Bible, not published until 19th century

3. Best Alexandrian ms (lacks <>i>Pericope Adulterae)

D. Comments

1. Heb 1:3

2. Lacks long ending of Mark’s Gospel

V. CODEX BEZAE (D, 05)

A. Known 1581, donated to Cambridge University by Theodore Beza in 1581

B. Description

1. Early 5th century (400-410), but text is early 2nd century

2. Diglot of Gospels and Acts (8.5% more text of Acts than others mss)

3. Most eccentric NT MS, Western text, and oldest MS with Pericope Adulterae

C. Variants

1. Luke 6:4

2. Mark 1.40-41

VI. CODEX ALEXANDRINUS (A)

VII. CODEX EPHRAEMI RESCRIPTUS (C)

VIII. CODEX SINAITICUS (HEBREW ALEPH א 01)

IX. CODEX WASHINGTONIANUS (W, 032)