Free Online Bible Classes | A Brief History of the Transmission of the Text

A Brief History of the Transmission of the Text

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Lesson

There are three fundamental issues that significantly affect the transmission of the NT Text: early copies and causes of corruption, the role of canon in shaping the text, and the emergence of localized text forms.

Outline

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE TRANSMISSION OF THE TEXT: THREE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES

SUMMARY OF THE THREE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES

A. Causes of corruption

B. Canon consciousness

C. Text forms

I. THE EARLY COPIES AND THE CAUSES OF CORRUPTION

A. All manuscripts were handwritten (until 1514) and have mistakes (e.g., St. John’s Bible)

B. Two kinds

1. Unintentional (e.g., sight, fatigue, memory)

2. Intentional (e.g., corrections, harmonizations)

C. Earliest scribes tended to make unintentional errors

1. Some suggest that the earliest scribes were

a) The worst scribes

b) Were not professional

c) The mistakes were difficult to trace

2. All three suppositions are demonstrably false

a) Careful but unprofessional scribes (P75)

b) Not careful, but professional (P66)

c) Usually unintentional, which are the easiest to discover

d) Faithful by (non-literary) professional scribes

D. Summation

II. The Emergence of Canon consciousness in shaping the NT

III. The Emergence of Local Text-forms