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The Materials Used for Making a Codex Manuscript

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Lesson

Various materials were used in creating NT manuscripts. Wallace discusses papyrus, parchments, and paper, each with advantages and disadvantages for transmitting the text faithfully.

Outline

I. PAPYRUS - 2ND THROUGH 8TH CENTURY

A. From Egypt

B. Suggests the codex was used so all four gospels could be bound together

II. PARCHMENT – 3RD THROUGH 16TH CENTURY

A. Animal skins (vellum)

1. 350 sheep for Codex Sinaiticus

2. Oldest complete NT (4 columns)

3. Write around the holes

B. Orientation

1. Recto – always the front page

2. Verso – always the back page

C. Examples

1. Sinaiticus

2. Codex 2882

3. Lectionary on paper

4. Palimpsest (“again scraped”)

5. Lectionary 2258

III. PAPER – 9TH THROUGH 16TH CENTURY (INVENTED BY THE CHINESE)

IV. SUMMARY