Revelations, Hegira, Movement

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Lesson

As Muhammad began telling others about his revelations, he was forced to flee Mecca and went to Medina. After he consolidated his power and influence he returned to Mecca.

Outline

Part 2

III. Revelations to Muhammad

A. “The Night of Power and Excellence”

1. Surah 96

2. Surah 74

B. Response to revelations

1. Muhammad’s response

2. Response of Mecca and beyond

IV. Hegira (Arabic, Hijra)

A. Flight /Exodus to Yathrib (Medina) - July 16, 622

B. Muhammad’s reception to “Medina” - Jews/Arabs

C. The Muslim Calendar

D. Why the Hegira marks the beginning of the Islamic era:

1. Individual visions to corporate movement

2. Religious continuity to religious change

3. New authority and basis for a unified Arab empire

V. The “Man” becomes a “Movement”

A. Consolidation of power and influence in Medina

B. Battle of Badr (624)

C. Battle of Uhud (625)

D. Triumphant return to Mecca in 630 A.D.