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Reformation

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Lesson

The influence of Catholicism expanded in the 15th and 16th centuries because of the exploration sponsored by Spain and Portugal. A central figure in the Reformation was Martin Luther. His theological ideas initiated and shaped the Reformation movement and are still influential today.

Outline

I. Expansion of Catholicism in 15th and 16th centuries

A. Columbus discovered the New World

B. Tension in Latin America between Spaniards and Indians

C. Portugal and the colonization of Africa

II. Call in Europe for Reformation

A. Martin Luther

1. Indulgences

2. 95 Theses

3. Luther's theology

a. The word of God

b. The knowledge of God

c. Law and gospel

d. Church and sacrament