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Hermeneutics for Poetry (Part 2)

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Lesson

Jesus uses parallelism in the Gospels to illustrate and emphasize who God is and what the kingdom of God is like. In order to understand an idiom, you first need to identify it as an idiom and then determine what the meaning is in the culture.  

Outline

HERMENEUTICS FOR POETRY (PART 2)

I. Types of Poetry in the Bible

A. Synonymous Parallelism

1. Matthew 7:7-8

2. Luke 6:27-28

3. The Lord's Prayer

B. Antithetic Parallelism

1. Matthew 7:17-18

2. Luke 16:10

3. Proverbs

C. Step/Climactic Parallelism

1. Matthew 11:40

2. Matthew 5:17

D. Chiasmic Parallelism

1. Matthew 23:12

2. Mark 8:35

II. Why Use Poetic Language?

III. The Genre of Idioms

A. Examples

1. "God bless you."

2. "Break a leg."

3. "How are you?"

B. Biblical Examples

1. Joshua 8:17, Judges 4:16, 2 Kings 10:21 - "No one was left."

2. 1 John 3:17 - "Shutteth up his bowels."

3. Genesis 22:17ff, Genesis 41:43, Joshua 11:4, Judges 7:12 - "Sands of the seashore."

4. Matthew 17:20, 1 Corinthians 13:2 - "Faith to move mountains"

C. How to detect idioms

1. Found frequently

2. Cannot be interpreted literally in context

D. Specific example - "Love and Hate"

1. Malachi 1:2-3, Romans 9:13

2. Explanation from Genesis 29:31

3. Deuteronomy 21:15-17

4. Luke 14:26

5. Proverbs 13:24

E. Meaning is determined by the author

F. Learning a new language