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Offices of Christ (Part 2)

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Penal substitution asserts that atonement primarily involves Jesus’ taking the sinner’s place (‘substitution’) in bearing the penalty (hence ‘penal’) for his or her sin. That penalty was no less than God’s wrath and the sinner’s death. God’s wrath is his unswerving opposition to evil. The moral influence theory teaches that without the fall, that amazing instance of the love of God to humanity would have never existed. Penal substitution and moral influence theory complement each other. In the governmental view, the death of Christ illustrates the punishment which sin may attract and therefore serves good government by acting as a deterrent. Jesus raised from the dead into an immortal body. Only life can give meaning to human existence. Death destroys all meaning. The first time Christ came as a redeemer. As king, Christ is coming again to rule . Three roles of king are giving laws, restoring people to the image of God and reigning in all believing hearts.


II. PRIEST (cont)

D. Theories of the atonement (cont)

1. Penal substitution

2. Moral influence

3. Comparison of penal substitution and moral influence

4. Governmental


A. Resurrection

1. Event without analogy

2. Biblical evidence

3. Resurrection and hope

4. Philosophical considerations

B. Ascension

1. Biblical Evidence

2. Mediator and intercessor

3. King of kings


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