Lecture 5: Numbers and Deuteronomy

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Numbers begins with Israel ready to take the Land that God promised to Abraham. The people enter the promised land but Moses and Aaron do not. Deuteronomy emphasizes the fact that God renews his covenant with his people. Passages like Deuteronomy chapter 8 indicate that the love of God is the most important motivation for their service. Moses ends by telling the people that the words of the covenant are their lives, not just idle words.


I. Introduction

II. Numbers

A. Departure from Sinai (1:1 – 10:10)

B. Israelites lose their opportunity to gain the Promised Land (10:11 – 21)

C. A new generation enters the Promised Land (22–36)

III. Deuteronomy

A. Covenant Structure

1. Preamble (1:1-5)

2. Historical prologue (1:6-4:49)

3. General stipulations (5–11)

4. Specific stipulations (12–26)

5. Blessings and consequences (27–28)

6. Witnesses and ratification (29–33)

B. Sections

1. God renews his covenant with His people by reminding them of the past (1–4)

2. Basic rules for possessing the land (5–11)

3. Specific rules for possessing the land (12–26)

4. Blessings and consequences of obedience or disobedience to God’s law (27–28)

5. The people gather to hear the last words of Moses and affirm the covenant (29–33)

6. Moses dies (34)


  • Balaam was faithful to say what God told him even though he knew the king wanted him to say something different. Describe a time when you have said something God told you to say even though you knew it wouldn’t be popular. What was the result?  
  • Deuteronomy is a book that shows how God keeps His promises and renews His covenant with His people. God showed His mercy by giving them another chance. Describe a time when you kept a promise to be faithful to someone even though it was difficult. Describe a time in your life when God has given you a second chance. How should that affect the way we treat others?
  • Deuteronomy chapters 6 and 8 emphasize the importance of the love of God as the primary motivation for obedience to Him. How does God’s love for you motivate you to love God? How do God’s love for you and your love for Him motivate you to love others? How does the love of God motivate you to listen to His voice and obey?


  • Aaron and Miriam criticized Moses because of who he married. Who have you unjustly criticized or gossiped about lately? What people is God bringing to your mind that He wants you to be in relationship with so you can demonstrate love to them and allow God to bless them through you?
  • Is there something God has told you to do? Are you willing to take a risk and trust Him to give you the strength and wisdom to accomplish it? 
  • How have your parents and mentors obeyed God and set a good example for you? How have they fallen short? How are you living your life to carry on with what they have done well and do better in areas in which they fell short? 


49 min