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Zereth Shahar

ZERETH SHAHAR (zē'rĕth shā'har, Heb. tsereth hashahar, the glory of dawn). A city located in the land belonging to Reuben “on the hill in the valley” (Josh.13.19). It has not been identified.

ZERETH-SHAHAR zĭr’ ĭth-shā’ här (צֶ֥רֶת הַשַּׁ֖חַר, meaning splendor of the dawn). A city in the territory given to the tribe of Reuben and mentioned in Joshua 13:19 only. Identification is uncertain, but there seems reason to locate the town about twenty m. SW of Medeba (Madeba), just a few m. below the point where the Nahaliel River flows into the Dead Sea from the E. Zereth-shahar is mentioned in conjunction with Kiriathaim of Reuben which formerly belonged to Sihon of the Amorites, and was located ten m. SE of Zereth-sharhar.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A town in the territory of Reuben, "in the mount of the valley," named with Kiriathaim and Sibmah (Jos 13:19). Perhaps in the name Chammat ec-Cara, attaching to the hot springs near Macherus, there may be some echo of the ancient name; but no identification is possible.