Why We Trust Our Bible, by Team Taught
About this Class:
The uniqueness and authority of the Bible are always under attack. Professors and writers are claiming that Jesus never existed, Jesus never claimed to be God, the early church changed the basic preaching of Jesus, books were left out of the Bible, the copies of the Bible that have come down through the centuries are hopelessly corrupt, and how can you trust your translation where there are so many? This class walks you through the process of how we received our Bible and why we can trust it.
Dr. Darrell Bock discusses the life of Jesus in lectures 1-5. Dr. Blomberg discusses the reliability of the Bible in lectures 6-11. Dr. Kruger discusses the process of formation of the New Testament Canon in lectures 12-21. Dr. Wallaces discusses issues relating to manuscripts and textual criticism in lectures 22-27. Dr. Mounce discusses the philosophies and process of translation in lectures 28-32. Dr. Piper discusses the content, cohesiveness, scope and power of the Bible in lectures 33-37.
Did Jesus Actually Live?
In Part 1, Dr. Darrell Bock addresses the historical Jesus debate, some scholars actually question whether Jesus even lived. How can we show that he did live using sources other than the Bible and the writing of the early Church Fathers?
In Part 2, Dr. Darrell Bock adresses how some liberal scholars argue that because the stories of Jesus were first told by word of mouth, and since memory is faulty, that we cannot trust the gospel witness to Jesus. Dr. Bock discusses three views of orality and why the "informal controlled" model of the Bedouins best parallels the gospels and argues for the authenticity of their accounts. He also shows why the supposed "time gap" between Jesus living and the writing of the accounts is only a few years due to the wintess of Paul, and not decades as some propose.
Memory, Authorship, and Miracles
In Part 3, Dr. Darrell Bock addresses when the authenticity of the gospels is questioned due to faulty human memory. Some people claim that since we do not know for sure who wrote the gospels, we cannot trust their message. Others argue that there is nothing special about presenting Jesus as a common miracle worker. In this session, Dr. Bock answers each of these charges.
Rules of Scholarship
In Part 4, Dr. Darrell Bock addresses how scholarship has created a series of rules they use to judge the authenticity of a gospel passage. Dr. Bock critiques those rules and shows how they still can argue for the authenticity of the core events of the gospel message.
Two Key Events
In Part 5, Dr. Darrell Bock addresses the looks at two key events in the gospels, Jesus' trial and the resurrection. Using the rules of scholarship, he shows that even by those standards these events are authentic.
Introduction and first three questions
In Part 1, Dr. Craig Blomberg begins by introducing the issue of the historical reliability of the New Testament documents, focusing on Dan Brown and some of the other recent "discoveries." He will cover 12 truths agreed upon except by the most liberal theologians.
Questions Four and Five
In Part 2, Dr. Craig Blomberg addresses would the gospel writers have wanted to preserve accurate history? Why are there four Gospels, with all the similarities and differences?
Questions and Answers
In Part 3, Dr. Craig Blomberg addresses seven questions and Dr. Blomberg's answers.
In Part 4, Dr. Craig Blomberg addresses reasons 7 - 9.
Reasons 10 - 12
In Part 5, Dr. Craig Blomberg addresses:
10. Non-Christian testimony to Jesus.
12. Testimony of other early Christian Writers.
Dr. Blomberg concludes with a powerful discussion of three ways to believe, and what is the relationship between faith and reason.
Questions and Answers
In Part 6, Dr. Craig Blomberg addresses the final nine questions from the audience.
What are the current challenges to canonicity?
In Part 1, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses discussion about whether books are in the canon because they are authoritative or they are authoritative because they are in the canon. Has God given us a structure to know which books should be in the canon?
Canonical Model: Community
In Part 2, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses how canonical models are different ways of explaining the process used to determine which books should be included in the canon of Scripture.
Canonical Model: Historical
In Part 3, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses the historically-determined model emphasizes the historical background of the books to determine if they are included in the canon.
Canonical Model: Self-Authenticating
In Part 4, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses the purpose of the self-authenticating model is to authenticate the canon without undermining its authority. If something is an ultimate authority, you can’t demonstrate it without using it.
The Divine Qualities of the Canon
In Part 5, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses that a “defeater” is an idea that undermines your confidence in knowing something.
In Part 6, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses that the Covenants in the Old Testament were often written to record them. The apostles saw themselves as agents of the New Covenant established by Jesus.
In Part 7, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses that corporate reception means that the books of the canon are accepted by the Church.
Manuscripts and Codexes
In Part 8, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses Corpora. Christians copied, read and taught from books and used them in great numbers. They were made to be easily read in public.
Eusebius' Four Categories of Books
In Part 9, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses that Eusebius describes 4 types of books: accepted, disputed, rejected heretical.
In Part 10, Dr. Michael Kruger addresses how would you answer common objections that are often raised about the canon?
In Part 1, Dr. Daniel Wallace addresses the challenges to the believability of the Bible brought by the issues related to the Greek manuscripts, and especially the influence of Dan Brown and Bart Ehrman.
In Part 2, Dr. Daniel Wallace addresses discussion of the historical process that led to manuscripts and variants, with some examples of variants.
Responding to Bart Ehrman
In Part 3, Dr. Daniel Wallace responds to three basic challenges by Bart Ehrman: the "black hole"; the quality of the copies; the effect of Constantine on the manuscripts.
In Part 4, Dr. Daniel Wallace addresses how now that we understand why there are variants in the manuscripts, how does the art and science of textual criticism help us determine which variants are most likely to be original?
Greek Manuscripts behind the KJV
In Part 5, Dr. Daniel Wallace addresses a brief overview of why the King James Bible is different from all modern translations, and issues of the Greek texts behind it.
Why do we have so many variants?
In Part 6, Dr. Daniel Wallace focuses in on variants, how many there are, how many significant variants are there, and how good of a job has textual criticism done.
In Part 1, Dr. Bill Mounce begins the seminar by talking about how we use words and grammar to communicate within our historical context. This is the theoretical basis for the rest of the seminar.
Principle 1: Words or Meaning
In Part 2, Dr. Bill Mounce addresses do you translate words or meaning? At one level, all translations translate for meaning. However, every translation has to decide if they want to err on the side of words or the side of meaning. (Bill references "12" principles, but shortened the presentation to "10.")
In Part 3, Dr. Bill Mounce addresses four more principles of translation that stem from the basic decision of translating words or meaning.
In Part 4, Dr. Bill Mounce addresses four more principles of translation that stem from the basic decision of translating words or meaning.
Principle 10: Gender Language
In Part 5, Dr. Bill Mounce addresses that this is the most difficult issue in modern translation. For many people, the words "he" and "man" refer to all people, men and women alike. But for many others, "he" and "man" only refer to males. This is not an issue of conservative or liberal. English is in the middle of a significant shift on how it uses these words, and others like "they."
Why We are Concerned With the Bible
The importance of inspiration and inerrancy for our belief in the Bible.
Content of the Bible
Manuscript evidence indicates that we have the words of the authors. Jesus, the apostles and the authors of the Old Testament claim that Scripture was written by people who were inspired by God.
The Claims of the Bible for Itself
The writings of the apostle Paul are a significant part of the New Testament. The Westminster Confession includes a concise statement about why the Bible is the Word of God.
Scope and Cohesiveness of the Bible
The scope and cohesiveness of the message of the Bible is remarkable, considering it was written over a period of hundreds of years by over 40 different authors.
The Power of the Gospel
Scriptures manifest themselves to be the word of God by their light and power to convince and convert sinners. The Spirit of God, bearing witness by and with the Scriptures in the heart of man, is alone able fully to persuade it that they are the very word of God.