WALL. In ancient times throughout the East the walls of houses were built of crude or sun-baked brick. Stone was used only in a certain few localities where it was plentiful. In Chaldea stone was entirely absent; in Assyria it was so rare that it was used only as an accessory. In Palestine houses were constructed of crude brick, although sometimes wood, mud-brick, and stone were used in alternate layers. In Egypt houses were built of crude brick mixed with chopped straw. Every ancient city had enormous walls surrounding it, sometimes containing chambers inside. There still exist some of the stones in the wall of the temple enclosure at Jerusalem. They measure thirty feet (nine m.) long, eight feet (two and one-half m.) wide, and three and one-half feet (one m.) high, weighing over eighty tons (seventy-three metric tons). Josephus tells of stones in the temple of Solomon sixty feet (eighteen m.) long.
WALL. This word is the tr. of several Heb. and Gr. words. That for field or vineyard is sometimes גָּדֵר, H1555, (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)