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Theodore of Tarsus
c.602-690. Archbishop of Canterbury from 669. Educated at Tarsus and Athens, Theodore was among numerous Eastern Christian refugees from the Arab invasions, bringing to England a high standard of culture. He was appointed to the see of Canterbury by Pope Vitalian, recommended by Hadrian the African*, the monk to whom the post had been offered. After touring England, Theodore worked at establishing the primacy of Canterbury by convoking the first council of the entire English Church at Hertford* in 673 and regulating affairs of dioceses. With Hadrian and *, Theodore promoted conformity with Rome and sent to Pope Agatho a declaration of orthodoxy written at the synod of Hatfield (680). The school at Canterbury, enriched by Theodore's manuscripts, became a leading center of education for Roman law and Greek, whence Roman influence spread to Wearmouth and Jarrow monasteries in Northumbria, both founded by Benedict. None of Theodore's scholarly writings survives.