STUBBLE (Heb. qāsh, teven, Gr. kalamē). The stalks of grain, usually about half of the stem, left standing after reaping. When the Hebrews made brick in Egypt, they had to gather this rather than use the straw from threshing floors that had previously been provided (
STUBBLE (קַשׁ, H7990, stubble or chaff). Stubble is the part of the plant stem left standing in the field after the crop has been harvested. Chaff is the husks or fine particles which are separated from the grain during threshing and winnowing. Translators are confronted with the difficulty of deciding whether “stubble” or “chaff” is intended, since the same word is used for both in OT lit.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
stro, stub’-’-l: The cognates of Hebrew tebhen, "straw" and qash, "stubble," have been retained in the modern Arabic terms tibn and qashsh. Tibn applies to the straw which has been cut up into short pieces and more or less split by the threshing operations. It is commonly used throughout the East as a coarse fodder or roughage for domestic herbivorous animals (compare
Tibn is mixed with clay for plastering walls or for making sun-dried bricks. It is also mixed with lime and sand for plastering. The children of Israel had their task of brickmaking made more arduous by being required to gather stubble and prepare it by chopping it up instead of being given the already prepared straw of the threshing-floors (
Qashsh (literally, "dried up") refers to the stalks left standing in the wheat fields or to any dried-up stalks or stems such as are gathered for burning. Camels and other flocks sometimes supplement their regular meals by grazing on the stubble, otherwise it has no use. In the Bible stubble is used to typify worthless inflammable material (
mathben, is translated "straw" in
James A. Patch