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SHROUD (Heb. hōresh). Generally the dress for the dead. Also can refer to a bough or branch in Ezek.31.3, where KJV has “a shadowing shroud” and NIV “overshadowing the forest.”

SHROUD. 1. An archaism meaning “shelter, covering,” used in the KJV to render חֹ֫רֶשׁ, H3091, in Ezekiel 31:3 (RSV FOREST SHADE).

2. A winding sheet for the dead. Matthew 27:59 (KJV) renders σινδών, G4984, LINEN CLOTH; the RSV has LINEN SHROUD. Mark 15:46 KJV trs. the same word LINEN, while the RSV has LINEN SHROUD; Mark 14:51, 52 KJV, RSV tr. the same word LINEN CLOTH.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

Winding-sheet for the dead. See Burial. Used in the King James Version, the English Revised Version Eze 31:3 in the rare old sense of "shelter," "covering." the American Standard Revised Version has "a forest-like shade" choresh, "wood," "wooded height") (Isa 17:9, etc.). Compare Milton, Comus, 147.

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