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Shoe, Shoe-Latchet

SHOE, SHOE-LATCHET (see [[Sandal]]; [[Dress]]) (נַ֫עַל, H5837, that which is bound on, שְׂרֹֽוכְ־נַ֔עַל, sandal bound on with something twisted; ὑπόδημα, G5687, something bound under; σανδάλιον, G4908, sandal). Of the thirty plus occurrences of “shoe” and “shoe-latchet” in the KJV, about two-thirds are rendered by “sandal” and “sandal-thong” in the RSV, because “sandal” is more accurate to portray to the modern mind a picture of the ancient Near Eastern shoe. Minimally, it consisted of a flat sole made of leather, wood or matted grass, with a leather strap or thong (latchet) attached on each side to hold it on the foot. There were, of course, variations depending on the type of use. The shepherd required a strong and sturdy sandal as he walked upon the rugged ground. Women of rank, on the other hand, would wear a light weight and more ornamental type. The symbolic significance of shoes is a wellattested scriptural phenomenon. At least five different fig. uses can be detected: (1) Th