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SHETHAR-BOZENAI, SHETHAR-BOZNAI (shē'thar-bŏz'ē-nī, shē'thar-bŏz'nī). A Persian official who tried to prevent the Jews from building the temple and complained to the king (
SHETHAR-BOZENAI she’ thär bŏz’ ə nī (שְׁתַ֥ר בּוֹזְנַ֖י; KJV SHETHAR-BOZNAI, shē’ thär bǒz’-nī; cf. alternate in
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
she’-thar-boz’-e-ni, she’-thar-boz’-ni, -boz’-na-i, (shethar boznay, meaning uncertain): The name of a Persian (?) official mentioned with Tattenai in connection with the correspondence with Darius relative to the rebuilding of the Temple (
Among the conjectures as to the meaning and derivation of the name, the following may be mentioned:
(1) Shethar-boznai may be a corruption of metharboznay = Mithrobouzanes, Old Persian Mithrobauzana--i.e. "Mithra is deliverer."
(2) shathar is identical with the Old Persian Tsithra ("seed," "brilliance"); names have been found that are confounded with this word.
(3) shethar bowzenay may be a title, but sethar, must then be read for shethar.
(4) shethar boznay is equivalent to the Old Persian Sethrabuzana, "empire-delivering"; compare Encyclopedia Biblica, article "Shethar-boznai," and Brown, Driver, and Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the.
Horace J. Wolf