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Samaria

SAMARIA (sa-mâr'ĭ-a, Heb. shōmerôn, Gr. Samareia). The country of Samaria occupied a rough square of some forty miles (sixty-seven km.) north and south by thirty-five miles (fifty-eight km.) east and west. It was the territory occupied by the ten tribes led by Jeroboam, extending roughly from Bethel to Dan and from the Mediterranean to Syria and Ammon. The political and geographical frontiers are somewhat blurred. [[Sir George Adam Smith]], after careful geographical and historical analysis, concludes: “The southern frontier...gradually receded from the Vale of Aijalon to the Wady Isher and ’Akrabbeh. The northern...lay from the Mediterranean to Jordan, along the southern edge of Esdraelon, by the foot of Carmel and Gilboa. If Carmel is shut off, the edge of Sharon may be taken as the western boundary; the eastern was Jordan...” (Historical Geography of the Holy Land, pp. 324-25; for detailed description see pp. 249-56). The earliest name for this section of the Palestinian uplands was