REZEPH (rē'zĕf, Heb. retseph, stronghold). An important caravan center in ancient times. It was ravaged by Assyria during Hezekiah’s reign (
REZEPH re’ zĕf (רֶ֥צֶף; LXX ̔Ραφες, meaning uncertain).
One of several cities mentioned by the Rabshakeh official of Sennacherib to Hezekiah as an example of cities previously captured by the Assyrians (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
1. Forms of the Name:
Codex Vaticanus Rhapheis; Rhaphes; Codex Alexandrinus ten Rhapheth (
2. Now Called Rucafa:
It is now represented by Rucafa, East of Tipsah and Northeast of Hamath, and is regarded as the (Rhesapha) of Ptolemy (v.15). It was for some time under Assyrian dominion, and appears in a geographical list (2 R 53, 37a) preceded by Arrapba (Arrapachitis) and Halabbu (Halah), and followed by Tamnunu, uder the form of Rasappa (elsewhere Racapi).
3. Its Assyrian Governors:
From the Eponym Canons, Ninip-kibsi-ucur was, it appears, prefect in 839 BC, Uras-eres from 804 to 775 BC, Sin-sallimanni in 747, and Bel-emuranni in 737 BC. Judging from their names, all these were Assyrians, but a seemingly native governor, Abda’u (or Abda’i), possibly later than the foregoina, is mentioned in a list of officials (K. 9921). Yabutu was sanu (deputy-governor?) of Rezeph in 673 BC. Its mention in the Assyrian geographical lists implies that Rezeph was an important trade-center intimes.