BiblicalTraining's mission is to lead disciples toward spiritual growth through deep biblical understanding and practice. We offer a comprehensive education covering all the basic fields of biblical and theological content at different academic levels.
Read More


RAMPART (Heb. חֵיל, H2658, shortened form חֵ֥ל, meaning “that which surrounds,” “what is roundabout.” It is used particularly in the sense of a protector or guardian (Ps 48:13). More frequently it refers to any type of physical barrier protecting a city, as the sea in the case of Thebes (Nah 3:8, et al.). It is used also of a moat referring to both the walls and the water-filled ditch (2 Sam 20:15), where the reference is to Beth-Maacah and 1 Kings 21:23 referring to Jezreel. The northern side of ancient Jerusalem above the valley of Hinnon was protected by such a wall (Lam 2:8, et al.). Most of these walls, as at Jericho, were built up of tamped earth and in later periods faced with stone blocks. Confusion exists among the various VSS which supply a series of different terms for the Sem. concept.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(La 2:8; Na 3:8).

See Fortification.