BiblicalTraining's mission is to lead disciples toward spiritual growth through deep biblical understanding and practice. We offer a comprehensive education covering all the basic fields of biblical and theological content at different academic levels.
Read More


PAP (Heb. shadh, Gr. mastos, bulging). An English word, now obsolete, that has been replaced by the word “breast,” e.g., in RSV (Luke.11.27; Rev.1.13, niv “chest”).

PAP. Obsolete word for Breast.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(shadh, shodh, "breast" (Eze 23:21); mastos, "the breast" (Lu 11:27; 23:29; Re 1:13)): The English word, which goes back to Middle English "pappe" (see Skeat, Concise Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, 327) and is now obsolete, has been replaced in the Revised Version (British and American) by "breast." The Hebrew word signifies the "female breast"; the Greek word has a wider signification, including the male chest.